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What is "Backing" - Definition & Explanation

A coating material used on the reverse side of upholstery fabric to give it more strength.
Woven and non-woven material used underneath the item or fabric being embroidered to provide support and stability. Can be hooped with the item, or placed between the machine throat plate and the hooped garment. Available in various weights and in two basic types: cutaway and tearaway. Also referred to as Stabilizer.
The bottom or back layer of a quilt, usually a plain unadorned fabric that has been pieced to the width of the quilt.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric woven of silk and cotton, the warp of one material and the weft of the other. Literally, 'that which is in accordance with the shara, Muslim holy law, which disapproves of an arel made of...
Bombazine usually has silk or rayon warp and worsted filling. Imitations are made in cotton. Plain or twill. Very fine English fabric. Name comes from Latin "bombycinum" which means a silk in...
A fabric that, owing to the nature of the weave, shows rounded cords in the warp direction with pronounced sunken lines between them. NOTE: The weave on the face of the cords is usually plain, but...
The forced circulation of dye liquor through packages of fibre, yarn or fabric, without limitation of temperature. NOTE: The use of the term "pressure dyeing" in this connection is deprecated. (See...
The ability of a fabric to withstand permanent discoloration by the action of liquids. This property depends partly upon the chemical nature of the fibre but may be improved by proprietary...

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