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What is "Backing" - Definition & Explanation

A coating material used on the reverse side of upholstery fabric to give it more strength.
Woven and non-woven material used underneath the item or fabric being embroidered to provide support and stability. Can be hooped with the item, or placed between the machine throat plate and the hooped garment. Available in various weights and in two basic types: cutaway and tearaway. Also referred to as Stabilizer.
The bottom or back layer of a quilt, usually a plain unadorned fabric that has been pieced to the width of the quilt.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A chemical reaction that changes cellulose linters (cotton) into cellulose acetate. This reaction improves the heat and rot resistance of the fiber yet does not adversely affect the other good...
A fabric construction, in which two fabrics are woven on the loom at the same time, one on top of the other. In the weaving process, the two layers of woven fabric are held together using binder...
Aloha shirts manufactured for local Hawai'i residents are often dull in tone, if not uniformly colored or color-coordinated, and are adorned with traditional Hawaiian quilt designs or simple plant...
Rupture of individual filaments (usually during winding or weaving) that results in the appearance of a fibrous or hairy surface, which may be localised or general, in a fabric made from flat...
The highest grade of material made from the best of stock Saxony, Silesia, or Australia merino wool. Two-up and one-down twill weave is used. Set in the reed at 144 inches and finished at about...

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