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What is "Basis Weight" - Definition & Explanation

The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter.
In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square metre of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter. basket weave a variation of the plain weave in which two or more warp and filling threads are woven side by side to resemble a plaited basket. Fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance and are used for such things as monk's cloth and drapery fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A process in which a specific type of dye is applied to the surface of a fabric, then after one washing it fades into a softer color. The color will slowly continue to fade with age. Pigment dyed...
A plain-weave, stiff fabric with thick-and-thin yarns in both the warp and the filling. The fabric was originally made of linen but is now duplicated in 100% polyester or a variety of blends such as...
(eyelet) - Formed by a contoured patch of zig-zag stitching, followed by a cut---a portion of which is circular. Eyelet buttonholes are usually used on heavy fabrics and/or with large buttons. A gimp...
Piece of scrap material sewn to the cover were additional length is needed to fasten to the frame. This is used in areas that will not be seen in use of the completed piece. Used to provide...
A strong, rugged cloth made with a pronounced raised cord on a 63-degree twill weave. The weaves used for calvary twill and elastique are the same. Cavalry twill has a somewhat coarser rib effect...

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