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What is "Basis Weight" - Definition & Explanation

The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter.
In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square metre of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter. basket weave a variation of the plain weave in which two or more warp and filling threads are woven side by side to resemble a plaited basket. Fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance and are used for such things as monk's cloth and drapery fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

a) In Fibre The waviness of a fibre, i.e. the condition in which the axis of a fibre under minimum external stress departs from a straight line and follows a simple or a complex or an irregular wavy...
The longitudinal edges of a fabric that are formed during weaving with the weft not only turning at the edges but also passing continuously across the width of the fabric from edge. NOTE: Selvedges...
A color match between physically different stimuli, ie a match between stimuli with different reflectances or spectral power distributions. Such stimuli that match (for an observer and a viewing...
Curvature of the warp or weft. NOTE: A fabric is said to be warp-bowed or weft-bowed, according to which set of threads is curved. Weft bow may or may not extend over the full width of the...
From the French for "cat's eye." The luster of a piece of wood with a finish on it. Also known as luster or depth, chatoyance displays itself by the figure changing with different viewing angles and...

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