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What is "Basis Weight" - Definition & Explanation

The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter.
In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square metre of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
The weight of a unit area of fabric. Examples are ounces per square yard and grams per square centimeter. basket weave a variation of the plain weave in which two or more warp and filling threads are woven side by side to resemble a plaited basket. Fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance and are used for such things as monk's cloth and drapery fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A straight-edge whose function is to remove surplus material (e.g. filling, coating material, printing paste) from the surface of the rollers used to apply the material or from a fabric surface to...
Silk in a crosswise rib (plain or twill weave). Has brightly colored stripes in the filling direction. Often black warp. The color effects are usually startling or bizarre. Mostly produced in India....
A finish that has the purpose of increasing the absorbency of a fabric. on durable press blends. The finish allows the stain to leave the fabric faster, increases the wicking action for improved...
A closely woven plain-weave fabric, traditionally made from cotton or linen yarns, and similar to canvas. NOTE: The terms "canvas" and "duck" have become almost synonymous and are often qualified...
Artificial aging by wear and tear to leather or wood. In wood this can be physical distressing such as dents, gouges, worm holes, and scratches, or finish distressing such as wearing away, crackle,...

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