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What is "Bias" - Definition & Explanation

Bias is the direction line that is the right angle to the lenghtwise and crosswise grain of the fabric. The bias has stretch in woven fabric and will can be an advantage or a hindrance. Plan accordingly.
The direction diagonally across a piece of fabric at 45 to the warp and weft. Bicomponent fabric: A fabric with two layers.
The bias direction of a piece of woven fabric, usually referred to simply as 'the bias', is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads. Every piece of woven fabric has two biases, perpendicular to each other.
Any direction that is not the lengthwise or crosswise grain of a woven fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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Chrome-free tanning is the tanning of hides to create leather either through the use of oils or natural tannins instead of chromium salts. This tanning process is more time intensive than chrome...
Needlepoint is a form of canvas work created on a mesh canvas. The stitching threads used may be wool, silk, or rarely cotton. Stitches may be plain, covering just one mesh intersection with a single...
One of the plain weave variations, which is formed by using: 1) heavy yarns in the warp or filling direction, or 2) a substantially higher number of yarns per inch in one direction than in the other,...
A mesh is similar to fabric or a web in that it has many connected or weaved pieces. In clothing, a mesh is often defined as fabric that has a large number of closely-spaced holes, such as is common...

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