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What is "Bias" - Definition & Explanation

Bias is the direction line that is the right angle to the lenghtwise and crosswise grain of the fabric. The bias has stretch in woven fabric and will can be an advantage or a hindrance. Plan accordingly.
The direction diagonally across a piece of fabric at 45 to the warp and weft. Bicomponent fabric: A fabric with two layers.
The bias direction of a piece of woven fabric, usually referred to simply as 'the bias', is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads. Every piece of woven fabric has two biases, perpendicular to each other.
Any direction that is not the lengthwise or crosswise grain of a woven fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Mordants are after-fixing chemicals essential to impart some degree of colour fastness performance to most natural dyes and some synthetic ones. They are typically metal salts and therefore decidedly...
Rattan and other reed-like plants split into thin strips and woven for chair seats, backs and side panels; elastic and comfortable. Also used for decorative insets....
A loose, zippered jacket with fitted waist and cuffs, resembling those worn by American bomber pilots in World War II. Can be made from nylon, woven blends or leather. Usually has a fur or pile...
Fold of fabric, folded back upon itself so that the pleat is comprised of three layers; occurs vertically only. Pleats may be partially stitched or pressed down. Kinds of pleats include: knife...
a) Threads lengthways in a fabric as woven. b) A number of threads in long lengths and approximately parallel, which may be in various forms intended for weaving, knitting, doubling, sizing, dyeing...

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