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What is "Blotch" - Definition & Explanation

Uneven absorbtion of wood stain due to changing directions of the wood grain at the surface. Some woods such as pine, cherry and maple are prone to blotch. This is sometimes confused with "figure" where there is a variation in the wood tones when finished. The former is normally a defect and the latter is not. You can prevent blotch by pre-sealing the wood with a "spit-coat" (thinned) coat of shellac, "wood conditioner", use of dye instead of pigment, or by using a gel stain that has

Some other terms

Some more terms:

One of the softest fabrics made. Named from the American-Indian term “shale” meaning soft. Usually plain weave fabrics printed with delicate floral patterns, in Persian or cravat effects. ...
To align strands of FILLING YARN and push them up close together as they are woven. The REED accomplishes this by advancing and receding from the cloth after each passage of the SHUTTLE, driving each...
Cotton fabrics such as chintz or tarlatan treated with starch, glue. paraffin, or shellac and run through a hot friction roller to give a high polish. These types are not durable in washing. Newer,...
A woven fabric with a series of faint stripes formed by the arrangement of light, medium, and dark warp yarns or by twisting together 2 yarns of different colors. Used for drapery, upholstery,...
(eyelet) - Formed by a contoured patch of zig-zag stitching, followed by a cut---a portion of which is circular. Eyelet buttonholes are usually used on heavy fabrics and/or with large buttons. A gimp...

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