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What is "Brocatelle" - Definition & Explanation

Originally supposed to be an imitation of Italian tooled leather. Brocatelle, made from silk, rayon, cotton, and synthetics, has a satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground. It has a Jacquard weave on double or backed cloth. It is recognized by a smooth raised figure of warp-effect, usually in a satin weave construction, on a filling effect background. True brocatelle is a double weave made of silk and linen warp and a silk and linen filling. Present-day materials may have changed from the 13th and 14th century fabrics, but they still have the embossed figure in the tight, compact woven warp-effect. While brocatelle is sometimes classed as a flat fabric, it shows patterns which stand out in 'high relief' in a sort of blistered effect.
A tightly woven jacquard fabric with a warp effect in the figure which is raised to give a puffed appearance. The puff effect is created by several kinds of fillings', tension weaving of a linen: or nyion which shrinks after a heat process.
A heavy figured cloth in which the pattern is created by warp threads in a satin weave.
A heavy crossed ribbed upholstery and drapery fabric with Jacquard figures in high relief. Simulates Italian tooled leather where high relief effects are obtained through embossing techniques
(fabric) like damask uses more than two colours. It has a satin or twill figure on a plain or satin ground. Different to damask as raised areas of pattern are formed by a double warp.
A Jacquard Fabric Similar To Brocade With The Design In A Raised Appearance From Being Formed With A Satin Or Twill Weave. Used In Draperies And Upholstery.
Silk, rayon, cotton, and synthetics. Jacquard - double or backed cloth. Originally supposed to be an imitation of Italian tooled leather - satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground. It is recognized by a smooth raised figure of warp-effect, usually in a satin weave construction, on a filling effect background. True brocatelle is a double weave made of silk and linen warp and a silk and linen filling. ...

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric in which certain yarns project from a foundation texture and form a pile on the surface. Pile yarns may be cut or uncut in the fabric. Corduroy and velveteen are examples of cut filling pile...
A process in which a specific type of dye is applied to the surface of a fabric, then after one washing it fades into a softer color. The color will slowly continue to fade with age. Pigment dyed...
refers to a process in the manufacture of cotton and other staple yarns. The fiber is combed to remove foreign matter and the shorter, undesirable fibers, leaving longer, more desirable fibers that...
A tightly woven plain weave ribbed fabric with a hard slightly lustered surface. The ribbed effect is created by weaving a finer silk or manufactured warp yarn with a heavier filler yarn, usually...
The process of passing fabric through a calender in which a highly polished, usually heated steel bowl rotates at a higher surface speed than the softer (e.g. cotton-filled or paper-filled) bowl...

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