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What is "Buckram" - Definition & Explanation

A coarse cotton, hemp or linen cloth stiffened with glue or a glue-like substance used to provide support. Nowadays, some buckrams are made of synthetic materials as well. In draperies, buckram can be found with an iron-on adhesive side to facilitate placement.
Ply yarn scrim fabric with a stiff finish for use as apparel interlining or interfacing. Also used in millinery because it can be easily shaped by moistening.
Made from cotton, linen, and synthetics in a plain, cheap, low-textured, loose weave that is heavily sized and stiff. Also, two fabrics are glued together. One is an open weave and the other much finer. Buckram is also made in linen in a single fabric. Buckram is also called crinoline book muslin or book binding. Named from Bokhara in Southern Russia, where it was first made. It softens with heat and can be shaped while warm
A stiff, open weave, coarse fabric often used as an interlining to give a garment shape. Also used in hats, bookbinding.
Buckram is a stiff cloth, made of cotton or linen, which is used to cover, and protect, a book, and although is more expensive than its look-a-like, Brella, is stronger and resistant to cockroaches eating it. Buckram can also be used to stiffen clothes.
Coarse woven fabric, stiffened with glue, used to stabilize fabric for stitching. Commonly used in caps to hold the front panel erect.
A heavy weave of binding cloth.
A stiff-finished heavily sized fabric of cotton or linen used for interlinings in garments, for stiffening in millinery, and in bookbinding. Softens with heat. Can be shaped while warm. Name from Bokhara in Southern Russia, where it was first made. Also called crinoline book muslin or book binding.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Coarse, canvas-like fabric usually made of jute, but can be made of hemp, or cotton. Sometimes called gunny. Used primarily for bale coverings and sacks and bags. Also used in furniture, drapery,...
The process of dyeing fiber prior to formation into yarns. Very high fastness dyes can be used and there is less pressure on getting color exactly right since batches can be blended prior to yarn...
A flat. ribbed fabric woven with fine yarns in the warp, with heavier yarns in the filling.using a plain weave. The ribbed effect is flatter than gross grain and smaller than a repp. The fabric is...
Tarlatan is a starched, open-weave fabric, much like cheese cloth. It is used to wipe the ink off a plate during the intaglio inking process. The open weave allows for the tarlatan to pick up a large...
Hose a cloth leg covering that sometimes covers the foot; stocking, sock; a close-fitting garment covering the legs and waist that is usually attached to a doublet by points; short breeches reaching...

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