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What is "Burn out" - Definition & Explanation

A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used.) Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. However, burn-out effects can also be created on velvets made of blended fibers, in which the ground fabric is of one fiber like a polyester, and the pile may be of a cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed.
A fabric made of 2 fibers then printed with a chemical that dissolves one of the fibers thus creating a design. Often done on velvet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric woven of silk and cotton, the warp of one material and the weft of the other. Literally, 'that which is in accordance with the shara, Muslim holy law, which disapproves of an arel made of...
A fabric woven with chenille yarns which have a pile effect similar to velvet, and when woven through various warps can create a pile-like velvet, or. if woven on a jacquard loom, can look similar to...
A shirt is a sort of top, i.e. a piece of clothing used to cover the trunk of the body. In the UK, it refers almost specially to what Americans call a dress shirt, i.e. a garment with a collar and a...
Frieze is a coarse woollen cloth with a nap on one side, that was raised by scrubbing it to raise curls of fibre (French: frisť). In the 19th century rough cheap frieze was made of wool mixed with...
A long crease mark in a dyed or finished textile and that runs approximately in the length direction. NOTE: The marks are caused during wet processing in the rope form and may be the result of: a)...

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