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What is "Burn out" - Definition & Explanation

A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used.) Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. However, burn-out effects can also be created on velvets made of blended fibers, in which the ground fabric is of one fiber like a polyester, and the pile may be of a cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed.
A fabric made of 2 fibers then printed with a chemical that dissolves one of the fibers thus creating a design. Often done on velvet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Ability of a fiber to spring back to its natural position after folding, creasing or deformation. Loft is related to resiliency; it is the ability to return to original thickness after being...
The process where garments or part garments are dyed after manufacture (garments are made up). This enables the client to make late decisions about the colours that can be used, which means it can be...
a) An edging or border of loose threads, tassels or loops. NOTE: The edging or border may be produced by the constituent threads or by threads added to a fabric after weaving or knitting. b) A...
A term used in bonding or laminating to describe the amount of force required to delaminate a piece of woven or knit fabric from its urethane foam or backing material. The stronger the bond, the...
An infused polymer construction process that reinforces the fabric of outerwear garments in the places where they take the most abuse: zipper and pocket flaps, and other high-abrasion areas. The...

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