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What is "Burn out" - Definition & Explanation

A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used.) Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. However, burn-out effects can also be created on velvets made of blended fibers, in which the ground fabric is of one fiber like a polyester, and the pile may be of a cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed.
A fabric made of 2 fibers then printed with a chemical that dissolves one of the fibers thus creating a design. Often done on velvet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Cotton Ice is a six-ply, 65% combed cotton/35% bright viscose rayon with 2,100 yds/lb. It is an excellent blend combining the softness of cotton with the sheen and dyeability of rayon. This high...
A soft shaggy wool tweed fabric. Originally referred to only wool from the Shetland Islands in Scotland but now refers to any wool fabric with similar characteristics. May be woven or knit. Used for...
An imperfection, characterized by a ridge or mark running in the crosswise or lengthwise directions of the fabric. Barrés can be caused by tension variations in the knitting process, poor quality...
Artificial aging by wear and tear to leather or wood. In wood this can be physical distressing such as dents, gouges, worm holes, and scratches, or finish distressing such as wearing away, crackle,...
A method of printing by passing the fabric over metal rollers on which the design has been engraved. One roller is used for each color. Used for printing long runs with good register and a clear,...

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