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What is "Burn out" - Definition & Explanation

A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used.) Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. However, burn-out effects can also be created on velvets made of blended fibers, in which the ground fabric is of one fiber like a polyester, and the pile may be of a cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed.
A fabric made of 2 fibers then printed with a chemical that dissolves one of the fibers thus creating a design. Often done on velvet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

a) Crimpled Length The extent of crimped fibre substantially freed from external restraint, and measured with respect to its general axis of orientation. b) Fibre Extent The distance in a given...
Usually a plain weave, mercerized fabric made of long staple cotton which when treated with dope is used as airplane fabric to cover wings, fuselage or tails. Also used for boys’ suits, shirtings,...
The generic name for fibres made from a synthetic linear polymer that contains, in the chain, at least 85% (m/m) of an ester of a dihydric alcohol and terphthalic acid, e.g....
Abrasion test for fabric.. Fabric is pulled taut and rubbed in both the warp and filling directions, using a piece of cotton duck fabric as the abradant. The number of cycles, or double rubs, endured...
A Sheer Fabric Often A Lawn Or Batiste, Usually Of Cotton Or Cotton Blend, With A Small Dot Pattern. The Dots Are Usually Woven Into The Fabric But May Be Flocked Or Printed . Used For Curtains,...

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