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What is "Burn out" - Definition & Explanation

A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used.) Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. However, burn-out effects can also be created on velvets made of blended fibers, in which the ground fabric is of one fiber like a polyester, and the pile may be of a cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed.
A fabric made of 2 fibers then printed with a chemical that dissolves one of the fibers thus creating a design. Often done on velvet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Bamboo (Bambusa) a giant woody grass, often reaching a height of forty feet or more, found in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Eastern Hemisphere. It also has been grown successfully in...
Chemically, a substance that dissolves other substances, thus forming a solution. Water dissolves more substances than any other, and is known as the "universal solvent". In upholstery, solvent...
A yarn in which one type of fiber is twisted or wrapped around another fiber that serves as a core. Core yarns are often used to make stretch fabrics where the core is spandex or rubber, and the...
a manufactured fiber in which the fiber-form substance is cellulose acetate (FTC definition). Acetate fabrics are fast-drying, wrinkle and shrinkage resistant, crisp or soft in hand depending upon...
a) Crimpled Length The extent of crimped fibre substantially freed from external restraint, and measured with respect to its general axis of orientation. b) Fibre Extent The distance in a given...

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