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What is "Burn out" - Definition & Explanation

A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. (Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used.) Many simulated eyelet effects can be created using this method. In these instances, the chemical destroys the fiber and creates a hole in the fabric in a specific design, where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric. The fabric is then over-printed with a simulated embroidery stitch to create the eyelet effect. However, burn-out effects can also be created on velvets made of blended fibers, in which the ground fabric is of one fiber like a polyester, and the pile may be of a cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. In this case, when the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the pile in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leave the ground fabric unharmed.
A fabric made of 2 fibers then printed with a chemical that dissolves one of the fibers thus creating a design. Often done on velvet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Acitate A man-made fiber with a luxurious feeling, which dyes in brilliant colors and is economical. Bui if offers low resistance to wear and only fair resistance to sunlight. When blended with other...
Needlepoint is a form of canvas work created on a mesh canvas. The stitching threads used may be wool, silk, or rarely cotton. Stitches may be plain, covering just one mesh intersection with a single...
All materials emit energy by thermal radiation as a result of their temperature. The amount of energy or radiant heat reflected depends on the surface temperature. The higher the surface temperature...
A twill originally consisting of worsted filling and silk warp. Today, it can be found in a variety of blends. It has excellent drapability. Its weight and quality vary with fibers, however, when...
A changeable colour effect on a lustrous or shiny fabric in which the warp yarns and weft yarns are of contrasting colours. NOTE: The fabric normally has a plain weave or a 2/2 twill weave when...

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