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What is "Buttonhole" - Definition & Explanation

(straight) - Formed by two pairs of straight, parallel rows of zigzag stitching, followed by a single, straight knife cut. Each end of the row of stitching is secured by a bartack.
(eyelet) - Formed by a contoured patch of zig-zag stitching, followed by a cut---a portion of which is circular. Eyelet buttonholes are usually used on heavy fabrics and/or with large buttons. A gimp or cord is usually contained within the stitches to provide a reinforcement along the edge of the hole.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A plain, closely woven, inexpensive cloth, usually cotton or a cotton/manufactured fiber blend, characteristically having figured patterns on a white or contrasting background. Calico is typically...
An engineered fabric made from two or more components. One component is often a strong fiber such as fiberglass, KevlarŪ, or carbon fiber that gives the material its tensile strength, while another...
A process of printing which uses chemicals, rather than color, to burn out or dissolve away one fiber in a sized cloth. Purpose is to achieve a sheer lacy and heavy design. Also used to obtain...
Trouser-like garment, worn on the lower part of the body alike by men and women. Literally, 'leg-clothing'. The payjama was worn in many cuts and shapes, much variation being seen in respect of...
A method orginated in Java of resist dyeing which employs wax as the resist. The pattern is covered with wax. and the fabric is then dyed, producing a white design on a dyed ground. The waxed...

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