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What is "Buttonhole" - Definition & Explanation

(straight) - Formed by two pairs of straight, parallel rows of zigzag stitching, followed by a single, straight knife cut. Each end of the row of stitching is secured by a bartack.
(eyelet) - Formed by a contoured patch of zig-zag stitching, followed by a cut---a portion of which is circular. Eyelet buttonholes are usually used on heavy fabrics and/or with large buttons. A gimp or cord is usually contained within the stitches to provide a reinforcement along the edge of the hole.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

This is a class of narrow width fabric made of cotton, wool or silk. The weaves commonly employed are plain, twill or sateen. Areas of application include tops of skirts, ornamentation and industrial...
A Finishing Process That Produces A High Gloss On The Surface On The Fabric By Passing It Through Heavy Rollers (calendering) . Fabrics Made Of Thermoplastic Fibers Like Nylon Or Polyester Are Cired...
A trapezoid-shaped window treatment usually at the top of the window. Can be pleated or shirred and is often paired with jabots. A continuous or scarf swag is drape over a pole and on the left and...
Artificial aging by wear and tear to leather or wood. In wood this can be physical distressing such as dents, gouges, worm holes, and scratches, or finish distressing such as wearing away, crackle,...
An inorganic fiber which is very strong, but has poor flexibility and poor abrasion resistance. Glass will not burn and will not conduct electricity. It is impervious to insects, mildew, and...

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