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What is "Calender" - Definition & Explanation

A machine in which heavy bowls rotate in contact under mechanical pressure.

NOTE:

The bowls may be unheated or one may be a thick-walled steel shell heated internally. All bowls may rotate at the same surface speed, or one highly polished and heated bowl may rotate at a higher surface speed than the rest. In certain specialised machines, e.g. for knitted goods, two adjacent bowls may be heated, or, in the case of a laundry calender, one bowl works against a steam chest shaped to the curvature of the bowl.

A machine with rollers (cylinders) which press the fabric to give a moire or watered effect by flattening the surface in irregular creases.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Term used to distinguish natural fibers obtained from animals. It includes alpaca, angora, goat hair, camel hair, cashmere, cow hair, fur, guanaco, hog hair, huarizo, llama, mohair, misti, Persian...
May be a bobbin or needlepoint lace usually on a machine made ground. Sometimes designs are appliquéd on the ground. As Brussels Belgium is important in the history of lace-making, many different...
A trapezoid-shaped window treatment usually at the top of the window. Can be pleated or shirred and is often paired with jabots. A continuous or scarf swag is drape over a pole and on the left and...
The Super grading system is used to grade the quality of wool fabric. The higher the number, the more yarn is packed in per square inch, therefore all things being equal a super 120s yarn is better...
A beret is a soft round cap with a flat crown and is normally worn by both men and women. The cap fits snugly around the head, and the soft crown can be shaped in a variety of ways. It is commonly...

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