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What is "Calender" - Definition & Explanation

A machine in which heavy bowls rotate in contact under mechanical pressure.

NOTE:

The bowls may be unheated or one may be a thick-walled steel shell heated internally. All bowls may rotate at the same surface speed, or one highly polished and heated bowl may rotate at a higher surface speed than the rest. In certain specialised machines, e.g. for knitted goods, two adjacent bowls may be heated, or, in the case of a laundry calender, one bowl works against a steam chest shaped to the curvature of the bowl.

A machine with rollers (cylinders) which press the fabric to give a moire or watered effect by flattening the surface in irregular creases.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Basting is the process of temporarily sewing or pinning fabric together. This can be done by hand or by machine. Quilters use basting to temporarily position applique pieces. They also baste the top,...
Calendered is a dry finish that creates a very smooth, lustrous fabric. There are many types of calendering which vary in permanence. All types involve passing the fabric through large heated rollers...
The use of the term in relation to treated cotton ducks is prohibited by the "Fair Trade Practices Act" unless :the product shall be impervious to the passage of any water so long as the fabric may...
Turns inserted in opposite directions and in equal numbers in adjacent elements of yarn, silver (q.v.) or similar aggregations of fibres or filaments, and that are characterised by their temporary...
A steel rod which is inserted in between the base fabric and the pile ends in a pile fabric woven on a wire loom or ÚpinglÚ loom. The height and thickness of the rod determine the size of the loop. A...

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