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What is "Calender" - Definition & Explanation

A machine in which heavy bowls rotate in contact under mechanical pressure.

NOTE:

The bowls may be unheated or one may be a thick-walled steel shell heated internally. All bowls may rotate at the same surface speed, or one highly polished and heated bowl may rotate at a higher surface speed than the rest. In certain specialised machines, e.g. for knitted goods, two adjacent bowls may be heated, or, in the case of a laundry calender, one bowl works against a steam chest shaped to the curvature of the bowl.

A machine with rollers (cylinders) which press the fabric to give a moire or watered effect by flattening the surface in irregular creases.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

This is the most widely used finishing technique. The finish consists of an opaque base-coat of pigmented resins, followed by a protective top coat. The natural colour of the leather is completely...
A closure or fastener used to secure bras, corsets, some shape wear and other garments. The fastener includes a small hook secured to one side of the garment that grasps a small loop (the eye)...
Designer 727 is a two-ply, 80% Australian wool/20% bright viscose rayon with 2,200 yds/lb. This is the finest wool-ray available. Designer 727 has a slightly higher twist than the ordinary yarns...
A closely woven plain-weave fabric, traditionally made from cotton or linen yarns, and similar to canvas. NOTE: The terms "canvas" and "duck" have become almost synonymous and are often qualified...
A design dominated by circular spots, which may be of any size, printed or woven into the fabric. Small dots are often called pin dots; medium to large dots may be referred to as aspirin dots, coin...

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