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What is "Calender" - Definition & Explanation

A machine in which heavy bowls rotate in contact under mechanical pressure.

NOTE:

The bowls may be unheated or one may be a thick-walled steel shell heated internally. All bowls may rotate at the same surface speed, or one highly polished and heated bowl may rotate at a higher surface speed than the rest. In certain specialised machines, e.g. for knitted goods, two adjacent bowls may be heated, or, in the case of a laundry calender, one bowl works against a steam chest shaped to the curvature of the bowl.

A machine with rollers (cylinders) which press the fabric to give a moire or watered effect by flattening the surface in irregular creases.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A knit or woven fabric made from a rough, curly, knotted boucle yarn. The fabric has a looped, knotted surface and is often used in sportswear and coats. Made from wool, but also in rayon, silk,...
Operations by which slivers (q.v.) are blended (or doubled), levelled and, by drafting (q.v.), reduced to the stage of roving (q.v.) (In the cotton industry, the term is applied exclusively to...
A type of fancy yarn. It is an undulating gimp yarn, usually produced by binding an irregular yarn, such as a stripe or slub, in the direction opposite to the initial stage, to create graduated...
A term applied to a type of nylon yarn which has been through processing to introduce a high level of twist. This creates a yarn with some recovery but without "bulk" associated with texturised...
A linen woven with even threads that are especially good for embroidery. It is very easy to 'draw' the yarns for drawn thread work. Comes bleached, or colored. Has a soft finish. Has been use for...

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