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What is "Calendered" - Definition & Explanation

Calendered is a dry finish that creates a very smooth, lustrous fabric. There are many types of calendering which vary in permanence. All types involve passing the fabric through large heated rollers that flatten the yarn.
The term used to describe a fabric which has been passed through rollers to smooth and flatten it or confer surface glaze.
A flat, smooth, glossy finish applied to the fabric by passing it through heavy rollers under pressure and usually heat. Cire, chintz, moire, & glazing are examples of calendered finishes.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Fibers of relatively short length, inches or cm. Most natural fibers (except silk) are staple fibers. Staple fibers must be twisted or spun into yarns. Staple fibers expose more fiber ends on the...
Tarlatan is a starched, open-weave fabric, much like cheese cloth. It is used to wipe the ink off a plate during the intaglio inking process. The open weave allows for the tarlatan to pick up a large...
Coarse, canvas-like fabric usually made of jute, but can be made of hemp, or cotton. Sometimes called gunny. Used primarily for bale coverings and sacks and bags. Also used in furniture, drapery,...
A design dominated by circular spots, which may be of any size, printed or woven into the fabric. Small dots are often called pin dots; medium to large dots may be referred to as aspirin dots, coin...
1. Term means 'soft and light' - and was originally used for Japanese waste silk. Fabric is now made in many Far Eastern countries on power looms in plain or twill weave; is heavier than traditional...

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