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What is "Chinchilla" - Definition & Explanation

Usually made from wool but can also be made in cotton, and some manmade and synthetics. It has a sateen or twill construction with extra fillings for long floats. Thankfully, it does not resemble true chinchilla fur but has small nubs on the surface of the fabric which are made by the chinchilla machine. It attacks the face and causes the long floats to be worked into nubs and balls. Cotton warp is often used because it cannot show from either side. Chinchilla takes its name from Chinchilla Spain where it was invented,
A cotton, wool, and even synthetic fabric of a sateen or twill construction with extra fillings for long floats. Thankfully, it does not resemble true chinchilla fur. It has small nubs on the surface of the fabric which are made by the chinchilla machine. It attacks the face and causes the long floats to be worked into nubs and balls. Cotton warp is often used because it cannot show from either side. It is made in medium and heavy weights and is a very warm and cozy fabric. It takes its name from Chinchilla Spain where it was invented.
A thick , double fabric having a napped surface. It isused forovercoats.
A Thick, Heavy, Pile Fabric With Surface Curls Or Nubs, Originally Made To Suggest Chinchilla Fur . It Is Often Double Faced. It May Be Woven Or Knit And Is Often Used As Coating.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Short fibers, typically ranging from 1/2 inch up to 18 inches long. Wool, cotton, and flax exist only as staple fibers. Manufactured staple fibers are cut to a specific length from the continuous...
A wool fabric made in France from the wool of Pyrenees’ flocks of sheep. The Pyrenees are a mountain chain between France and Spain. The fabric is well known because it is a high quality fabric which...
A tuck in the fabric that is sewn. It is used to define the shape of a garment making a two dimensional piece of fabric into a three-dimensional garment. Darts are usually seen where the body curves:...
Indentation Load Deflection (ILD) refers to the firmness of a piece of foam. The lab puts a 4" x 15" x 15" piece of foam on a flat surface. Then a round metal plate, 8" in diameter, pushes down on...
A steel rod which is inserted in between the base fabric and the pile ends in a pile fabric woven on a wire loom or épinglé loom. The height and thickness of the rod determine the size of the loop. A...

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