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What is "Chinchilla" - Definition & Explanation

Usually made from wool but can also be made in cotton, and some manmade and synthetics. It has a sateen or twill construction with extra fillings for long floats. Thankfully, it does not resemble true chinchilla fur but has small nubs on the surface of the fabric which are made by the chinchilla machine. It attacks the face and causes the long floats to be worked into nubs and balls. Cotton warp is often used because it cannot show from either side. Chinchilla takes its name from Chinchilla Spain where it was invented,
A cotton, wool, and even synthetic fabric of a sateen or twill construction with extra fillings for long floats. Thankfully, it does not resemble true chinchilla fur. It has small nubs on the surface of the fabric which are made by the chinchilla machine. It attacks the face and causes the long floats to be worked into nubs and balls. Cotton warp is often used because it cannot show from either side. It is made in medium and heavy weights and is a very warm and cozy fabric. It takes its name from Chinchilla Spain where it was invented.
A thick , double fabric having a napped surface. It isused forovercoats.
A Thick, Heavy, Pile Fabric With Surface Curls Or Nubs, Originally Made To Suggest Chinchilla Fur . It Is Often Double Faced. It May Be Woven Or Knit And Is Often Used As Coating.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Mercerisation alters the chemical structure of the cotton fibre. The structure of the fibre changes from alpha-cellulose to beta-cellulose. Mercerising results in the swelling of the cell wall which...
Layering involves the use of a comfort or base layer; an insulation layer; and a protection layer. The base layer comprises clothing worn next to the skin. Perspiration drying on the skin can cause...
Wet describing chemicals applied to a fabric and generally seen as less environmental-friendly than mechanical dry finishes. However, there are some eco-friendly wet finishes, which are increasing in...
A generic term for a low-quality plain-weave fabric of the muslin type with traditional cover factors for both warp and weft of about 4. NOTE: The mass per unit area of the fabric will vary with...
Interfacing is a common term for a variety of materials used on the unseen or "wrong" side of fabrics in sewing. Interfacings can be used to stiffen or add body to fabric, such as the interfacing...

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