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What is "Cockle (Fabric)" - Definition & Explanation

The crimped, rippled, wavy or pebbled appearance of a fabric where distortion of the structure has occurred as the result of non-uniform relaxation or shrinkage.

NOTE:

This defect may result from variations in the tension of the ends (q.v.) or picks at the time of weaving, from variations in the degree of stretch imposed on the yarn during earlier processes or from the differences in contraction of two or more yarns used accidentally or intentionally in the fabric. The defect may be distributed over a large area of fabric or may be confined to isolated stripes, bars or streaks.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

General name for a horizontal wood part. In upholstery, used for support and for a tacking surface. Also crest rails on headboards and dining chairs, chair rails on walls, horizontal parts of a frame...
A good quality wool. If it is made in cotton, it is usually called suede cloth. Duvetyn has a close satin weave that is brushed, singed, and sheared to conceal the weave. It has a smooth plush...
A heavily felted, tightly woven fabric with a sheared nap giving it a smooth surface. It is almost always of wool or a wool blend. Used mainly for coats but lighter weights may be used for other...
Basic internal structure or skeleton of an upholstered piece. Kiln-dried hardwood is best for durability in wooden frames, but often engineered wood products are used. Metals are also used in marine...
A yarn in which one type of fiber is twisted or wrapped around another fiber that serves as a core. Core yarns are often used to make stretch fabrics where the core is spandex or rubber, and the...

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