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What is "Damask" - Definition & Explanation

A tightly woven fabric, usually reversible
A figured woven fabric in which the design is created by the use of satin and sateen weaves.
It is basically a silk fabric constructed with a weft sateen figure on a warp satin, or twill or plain ground.
Originally a rich silk fabric with woven floral designs made in China and introduced into Europe through Damascus, from which it derived its name. Typically, damasks are woven with a single beam (warp) with one or two weft colors. The fancy damasks reveal the smooth warp satin in the background with the low luster reverse sating in the motif. In two color damasks the colors reverse on either side. Single damask is made with a five-harness satin weave; the true or double or reverse damask, is woven with an eight-harness satin weave and has a firm hand.
A classic that has remained unchanged for years, a damask is a fabric with a woven pattern similar to brocade but flatter and reversible. Usually woven in one color, the weave used for the background differs than the weave of the pattern and is made visible by the effect of light striking the contrasting satin and matte surface areas. Originally made of silk, damasks are now made of linen, cotton, rayon and wool or a combination of any two.
Damask is a fabric of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers, with a pattern formed by weaving. Today, it generally denotes a linen texture richly figured in the weaving with flowers, fruit, forms of animal life, and other types of ornament.
Made from linen, silk, rayon, cotton, synthetics, wool, worsteds and is woven on a Jacquard loom that has an alternating satin and matte texure. Originally made of silk, that came to us from China via Damascus. In the XIII Century, Marco Polo gave an interesting tale about it. It is one of the oldest and most popular cloths to be found today. Very elaborate designs are possible. Cloth is beetled, calendared and the better qualities are gross-bleached. It is very durable, reversible fabric that sheds dirt. In Damask fabric, the firmer the texture, the better the quality. It launders well and holds a high luster - particularly in linen. The quality of Damask depends on the yarn used and the thread count. - If the same quality and thread count are used, single is better than double because the shorter floats are more serviceable and the yarns hold more firmly. Double damask with less than 180 thread count is inappropriate for clothing. LotusOrganics.com has some excellent pajamas made from Damask manufactured by Fisher-Henney.
A firm, reversible jacquard weave fabric. Used in table linen, upholstery, draperies evening wear. Commonly made of cotton linen silk or rayon or blends of these fibers.
A glossy jacquard fabric, usually made from linen, cotton, rayon, silk, or blends. The patterns are flat and reversible. The fabric is often used in napkins, tablecloths, draperies, and upholstery.
A figured fabric in which different weaves, generally satin and sateen although twill or other binding weaves may sometimes be introduced interchange to form the pattern.
Originally A Silk Fabric Made In Damascus, Only One Colour, With Patterns Of Flowers, Branches And Animals In Satin Finish Contrasting With The Slightly Textured Taffeta Background. Multi-coloured Damasks Are Called Lampas.
Damask is a fabric of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers, with a pattern formed by weaving. The term originally referred to ornamental silk fabrics from Damascus, which were elaborately woven in colours, sometimes with the addition of gold and other metallic threads. Today, it generally denotes a linen texture richly figured in the weaving with flowers, fruit, forms of animal life, and other types of ornament.
A fabric woven to achieve a tone on tone effect. Patterns are often floral. It is lighter weight than brocade. Sometimes referred to as Jacquard.

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Some more terms:

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