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What is "Dart" - Definition & Explanation

(cut-in) - An open dart cut in approximately 12' under the armhole.
(panel) - A panel sewn full length to the front that is used for waist suppression.
(front or double) - An additional closed dart located toward the front edge of the garment, used to get maximum waist suppression.
A tuck in the fabric that is sewn. It is used to define the shape of a garment making a two dimensional piece of fabric into a three-dimensional garment. Darts are usually seen where the body curves: bust, waist, hip.

Darts are straight stitch lines that connect areas of fabric that must fit properly to the body. For example, darts may take in bulk in the center back of a man's fitted shirt. They may be placed at back shoulders to allow the shirt to be looser at the shoulder blades, but taper in up at the shoulder seam. They can also be placed on the sides or under the bustline. The top of a skirt often has darts to allow the skirt to be full at the hips, but taper in at the waist.

A dart starts and stops without creating any puckers in the fabric. In other words, the dart lies flat on the fabric. When sewing a dart, careful tapering from the largest part of the dart, to the end of the dart, is important. If you abruptly end a dart, you will get puckering. A dart is made by folding the fabric, and then sewing from one end of the dart to the other end of the dart.

An amount of excess fabric taken in, as a means of creating a shape that will fit over body curves.
A dart creates a curve in the fabric and allows the fabric to conform to the shape of the body. The darts in a garment are what make the garment fit. The adjustment of darts for varied shapes is crucial to proper garment construction. The most common places for darts are in the bust and buttock areas.
Stitched fabric fold, tapering at one end, used to shape flat fabric to the contours of the figure. Dominant color - The main color of a quilt. Dropped shoulder - Design with shoulder extended over the top of the arm.
A stitched fold in the fabric that tapers from a seam to point to the fullest part of the body. Used to create shape and control fullness.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Haute couture (French for 'high sewing') is a common term for high fashion as produced in Paris and imitated in other fashion capitals such as New York, London, and Milan. Sometimes it is used only...
A fibre formed by the conjunction at a spinning jet, of two fibre-forming polymers of different properties. NOTE: a) The two components may be caused to merge approximately side by side...
A soft yet firm, sheer fabric of plain weave, Generallymade of combed hard-twisted single yarns, although plyyarns are alsoused.About the samenumber of yarns inwarp as in filling. Has clinging...
A general class of plain weave, usually cotton, made with a colored warp (down) and white filling (across). Most often made using blue and white, but also available in stripes, checks and figured...
Designer 727 is a two-ply, 80% Australian wool/20% bright viscose rayon with 2,200 yds/lb. This is the finest wool-ray available. Designer 727 has a slightly higher twist than the ordinary yarns...

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