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What is "Dart" - Definition & Explanation

(cut-in) - An open dart cut in approximately 12' under the armhole.
(panel) - A panel sewn full length to the front that is used for waist suppression.
(front or double) - An additional closed dart located toward the front edge of the garment, used to get maximum waist suppression.
A tuck in the fabric that is sewn. It is used to define the shape of a garment making a two dimensional piece of fabric into a three-dimensional garment. Darts are usually seen where the body curves: bust, waist, hip.

Darts are straight stitch lines that connect areas of fabric that must fit properly to the body. For example, darts may take in bulk in the center back of a man's fitted shirt. They may be placed at back shoulders to allow the shirt to be looser at the shoulder blades, but taper in up at the shoulder seam. They can also be placed on the sides or under the bustline. The top of a skirt often has darts to allow the skirt to be full at the hips, but taper in at the waist.

A dart starts and stops without creating any puckers in the fabric. In other words, the dart lies flat on the fabric. When sewing a dart, careful tapering from the largest part of the dart, to the end of the dart, is important. If you abruptly end a dart, you will get puckering. A dart is made by folding the fabric, and then sewing from one end of the dart to the other end of the dart.

An amount of excess fabric taken in, as a means of creating a shape that will fit over body curves.
A dart creates a curve in the fabric and allows the fabric to conform to the shape of the body. The darts in a garment are what make the garment fit. The adjustment of darts for varied shapes is crucial to proper garment construction. The most common places for darts are in the bust and buttock areas.
Stitched fabric fold, tapering at one end, used to shape flat fabric to the contours of the figure. Dominant color - The main color of a quilt. Dropped shoulder - Design with shoulder extended over the top of the arm.
A stitched fold in the fabric that tapers from a seam to point to the fullest part of the body. Used to create shape and control fullness.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

An extremely soft and environmentally sound material made from a combination of Angora rabbit hair and organic cotton. Unlike traditional Angora, cottagora can be machine washed and dried. It is also...
Term used to describe the depression on the deck of a sofa or chair created where the front band meets the deck, and is sewn to the underlying layers of cloth. This also creates a slight rise in the...
A French word for cloth or fabric, linen, sailcloth, canvas. The linen or cotton cloth was made famous when a new technique of engraved plate printing was popularized in Jouy, France in the 18th...
Two small, back to back outward facing pleats that have a box- like appearance. On shirts, box pleats are positioned in the center back at the bottom of the yoke to allow ease of movement in the...
Mercerized cotton is cotton thread (or cotton-covered thread with a polyester core) that has been treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The thread is given a caustic soda bath that is then...

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