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What is "Defect" - Definition & Explanation

a) Article

A fault that reduces the ability of the article to perform its intended function or, if it were to appear in a prominent position in the article, would readily be seen and objected to by an ordinary person who might contemplate purchasing the article in a retail shop.

b) Fabric

A fault that, if it were to appear in a prominent position in a garment or manufactured article made from the fabric, would readily be seen and objected to by an ordinary person who might contemplate purchasing such a garment or manufactured article in a retail shop.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

(woven fabric) - usually caused by an extra piece of yarn that is woven into fabric. It can also be caused by thick places in the yarn. Often is caused by fly waste being spun in yarn in the...
An open-width fabric-finishing machine in which the selvedges are so held by attachments to a pair of endless travelling chains that the fabric is finished to a specified width. NOTE: a)...
A dyed fabric is printed with a chemical paste that bleaches out or 'discharges' the color to allow white patterns on a dyed ground. By adding a dye to the paste that is not affected by the chemical...
A hand printing method using wood, metal, or linoleum blocks. The design is carved on the blocks, one block for each color. The dye is applied to the block which is pressed or hammered against the...
A woven fabric construction made by interlacing two or more sets of warp yarns with two or more sets of filling yarns. A weft knit fabric in which two layers of loops are formed that cannot be...

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