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What is "Dobby" - Definition & Explanation

A mechanism for controlling the vertical position of heald shafts on a loom, so as to selectively raise some warp threads while leaving others depressed. The use of a dobby facilitates the weaving of a fabric which has a more complex structure.
An attachment to a loom which controls the harness allowing the weaving of these geometric patterns.
Woven on a dobby loom, this fabric can be made with a dot or geometric design. A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to coarse and fluffy. Standard dobby fabrics are usually flat and relatively fine or sheer. However, some heavyweight dobby fabrics are available for home furnishings and for heavy apparel.
A fabric with small, repeating geometric patterns woven into the surface.
A general term for a fabric woven on a special dobby loom, which allows the weaving of small, geometric figures. These patterns are beyond the range of simple looms, yet too limited to be produced economically by Jacquard loom. A dobby weave can be distinguished from a plain weave by its more ornate and intricate woven appearance.
A mechanism attached to a loom for controlling the movement of the heald shafts.

NOTE:

It is required when the number of heald shafts or the number of picks in a repeat of a pattern, or both, are beyond the capacity of the tappet shedding.

Weave forming small repeat geometric patterns. Includes material with small figures such as dots, geometrical designs and floral patterns woven in the fabric.
A fabric made with a dobby, namely a loom with an attachment for weaving small figures

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A type of wool that originates from pure-bred Merino sheep. The best Merino wool comes from Italy. The highest, finest and best wool obtained anywhere in the world. This fiber is used only in the...
A changeable colour effect on a lustrous or shiny fabric in which the warp yarns and weft yarns are of contrasting colours. NOTE: The fabric normally has a plain weave or a 2/2 twill weave when...
Uneven absorbtion of wood stain due to changing directions of the wood grain at the surface. Some woods such as pine, cherry and maple are prone to blotch. This is sometimes confused with "figure"...
Two separate fabrics faces knitted independently and then connected by a separate spacer yarn. These fabrics can be produced on both circular and flat knitting machines. Spacer fabrics have the...
A vest is a type of men's garment. The term has different meanings in the United Kingdom and the United States. In the UK, a vest is an undergarment typically taking the form of a white sleeveless...

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