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What is "Dye" - Definition & Explanation

(Piece) - Dyeing of the fabric into solid colors after weaving or knitting.
(Yarn) - Dyeing of the yarn into solid colors before weaving or knitting.
A colorant that has substantively (q.v.) for a substrate, either inherent or induced by reactants.
A dye can generally be described as a coloured substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is usually used as an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fibre. In contrast, a pigment generally has no affinity for the substrate, and is insoluble.
A colorant that becomes molecularly dispersed at some point during application to fiber and exhibits some degree of permanence. There are many application classes of dyes, including acid dyes, disperse dyes, reactive dyes, and natural dyes. Dyes may be generally divided into natural and synthetic types. Natural dyes are obtained from berries, flowers, roots, bark and more. Synthetic dyes are chemical compounds.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A design dominated by circular spots, which may be of any size, printed or woven into the fabric. Small dots are often called pin dots; medium to large dots may be referred to as aspirin dots, coin...
Denotes the spacing of ends or picks, or both, and is expressed as the number of threads per centimetre. NOTE: The state of the fabric at the time should be described, e.g. loom, grey,...
Refers to the ability of a fabric to move moisture (sweat) away from the skin to the outer layer of fabric where it can evaporate more easily thus helping to keep the skin dry. Used in activewear and...
A typical uncut pile weave fabric. This fabric is formed by using two sets of warp yarns. One set of warp is under very little tension; when the filling yarns are packed into place, these loose yarns...
Usually have straight or close fitting skirts, accompanied by a form fitting bodice. The skirt is often ankle length and sometimes has a slit in either the front, side, or back to make walking...

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