TextileGlossary.com

What is "Dye" - Definition & Explanation

(Piece) - Dyeing of the fabric into solid colors after weaving or knitting.
(Yarn) - Dyeing of the yarn into solid colors before weaving or knitting.
A colorant that has substantively (q.v.) for a substrate, either inherent or induced by reactants.
A dye can generally be described as a coloured substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is usually used as an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fibre. In contrast, a pigment generally has no affinity for the substrate, and is insoluble.
A colorant that becomes molecularly dispersed at some point during application to fiber and exhibits some degree of permanence. There are many application classes of dyes, including acid dyes, disperse dyes, reactive dyes, and natural dyes. Dyes may be generally divided into natural and synthetic types. Natural dyes are obtained from berries, flowers, roots, bark and more. Synthetic dyes are chemical compounds.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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(Durable Press) - Terms used to describe a garment which has been treated to retain its fresh appearance, crease, and shape throughout the life of the garment, Permanent press can be a misleading...
A fabric of wool, also of rayon and silk. The name is derived from the French term eponge for "spongy". It is a very soft and sponge-like fabric in a variety of novelty effects with loose weave. ...
A strong, durable fabric with cotton ground and vertical cut-pile stripes (wales) formed by an extra system of filling yarns. The foundation of the fabric can be either a plain or twill weave. Of all...
The cloak has been the most enduring of outer garments throughout the history of fashion. In the 18th century a man's cloak was made with a collar at the neck, a cape over the shoulders, and hung to...

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