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What is "Dyeing of Textiles" - Definition & Explanation

The coloring of greige goods or fibers with either natural or synthetic dyes. This may be done in many different ways depending on the type of fabric (or fiber), the type of dye and the desired result Some of the more common methods are:

a. Continuouc Dyeing - Fabric is continuously dyed. Dye lots may run to 30.000 yards/color.

b. Jet Dyeing - Used for dyeing Polyester. Pressure kettles which takes yes up to extremely high temperature and force dye into the fiber.

c. Mlllltron Dyeing - Developed by Milliken & Company for continuous pattern dyeing.

d. Piece Dyeing - Fabric is passed through the dye solution for a specified length of time.

e. Printing - A term referring to methods of applying designs to greige goods. Some types of printing are roller printing, screen printing, and handblocked printing.

f. Solution Dyeing - A solution of dye is added to the liquid synthetic before spinning it into a yarn.

g. Vat Dyeing - An insolube dye that has been made soluble is put on the fiber and then oxidized to the original insoluble form. Average dye lot 700 yards.

h. Yarn Dyeing - Yarn is dyed before it is woven into fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A pile fabric with a clipped nap. Before clipping, the nap is a loop as found in frieze or boucle. Velvet was introduced during the Renaissance in Italy and Spain and later moved to France. Designs...
A silk muslin that is sheer, open, and lightweight. It is something like chiffon but with a crisp finish produced by sizing. It does not wear well and it does not launder. Used in evening wear, and...
Graphite-reinforced plastic or carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP or CRP), is a strong, light and very expensive composite material or fibre reinforced plastic. Like glass-reinforced plastic, the...
(Dbl. lock/class 400 - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper...
Can be either a cotton or wool fabric, woven in a plain open weave, similar to cheesecloth, and dyed in the piece. Cotton bunting is often woven with plied yarns. Wool bunting is woven with worsted...

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