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What is "Dyeing of Textiles" - Definition & Explanation

The coloring of greige goods or fibers with either natural or synthetic dyes. This may be done in many different ways depending on the type of fabric (or fiber), the type of dye and the desired result Some of the more common methods are:

a. Continuouc Dyeing - Fabric is continuously dyed. Dye lots may run to 30.000 yards/color.

b. Jet Dyeing - Used for dyeing Polyester. Pressure kettles which takes yes up to extremely high temperature and force dye into the fiber.

c. Mlllltron Dyeing - Developed by Milliken & Company for continuous pattern dyeing.

d. Piece Dyeing - Fabric is passed through the dye solution for a specified length of time.

e. Printing - A term referring to methods of applying designs to greige goods. Some types of printing are roller printing, screen printing, and handblocked printing.

f. Solution Dyeing - A solution of dye is added to the liquid synthetic before spinning it into a yarn.

g. Vat Dyeing - An insolube dye that has been made soluble is put on the fiber and then oxidized to the original insoluble form. Average dye lot 700 yards.

h. Yarn Dyeing - Yarn is dyed before it is woven into fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Dyes for cotton and other cellulosic fibres that are based on suphur chemistry. Can be difficult to achieve top fastness performance but good results possible from selected dyes. Application method...
The quantity of heat absorbed or released by a substance undergoing a change of state, such as ice changing to water or water to steam, at constant temperature and pressure. When a solid material is...
Refers to an open weave fabric. In a leno weave the warp yarns are arranged in pairs, twisting or interlocking around the filling yarn to prevent slippage and make the open weave stronger and more...
The yarns that result after undegoing the texturizing process, which can create crimping, looping, and otherwise modify the filament yarn for the purpose of increasing cover, abrasion resistance,...
The process of dyeing yarns prior to weaving or knitting fabrics. Generally used for patterned fabrics or stripes but poplular for knitwear. Two general methods are Hank (for bulkier yarns -...

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