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What is "Dyeing of Textiles" - Definition & Explanation

The coloring of greige goods or fibers with either natural or synthetic dyes. This may be done in many different ways depending on the type of fabric (or fiber), the type of dye and the desired result Some of the more common methods are:

a. Continuouc Dyeing - Fabric is continuously dyed. Dye lots may run to 30.000 yards/color.

b. Jet Dyeing - Used for dyeing Polyester. Pressure kettles which takes yes up to extremely high temperature and force dye into the fiber.

c. Mlllltron Dyeing - Developed by Milliken & Company for continuous pattern dyeing.

d. Piece Dyeing - Fabric is passed through the dye solution for a specified length of time.

e. Printing - A term referring to methods of applying designs to greige goods. Some types of printing are roller printing, screen printing, and handblocked printing.

f. Solution Dyeing - A solution of dye is added to the liquid synthetic before spinning it into a yarn.

g. Vat Dyeing - An insolube dye that has been made soluble is put on the fiber and then oxidized to the original insoluble form. Average dye lot 700 yards.

h. Yarn Dyeing - Yarn is dyed before it is woven into fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Color is applied to the fabric by spraying dye on the surface with a compressed air gun. Multiple colors maybe applied by using a different stencil for each color. Ombre or tie dye effects may be...
A closure or fastener used to secure bras, corsets, some shape wear and other garments. The fastener includes a small hook secured to one side of the garment that grasps a small loop (the eye)...
An old form of lithographic printing, for embroidery transfers. The design was transferred from the tissue paper on which it was printed, usually by ironing. Thick enamel-like pigments were employed...
A plain weave fabric with even or close to even thread counts in warp and weft. Often of cotton. Carded yarn versions are used for inexpensive apparel, furniture covers and as a base for laminates....
1). A heavy napped surface, most often in knit goods, made with a heavy and soft-spun back yarn, which is napped in finishing (e.g. the inside surface of a sweatshirt). 2). Wool sheared from sheep or...

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