What is "Elongation" - Definition & Explanation

Property of a fiber related to how much it will stretch or lengthen, before breaking. it does not imply that the fiber will return to its original length.
An increase in length.


The increase may be expressed:

a) in units of length,

b) as a percentage of the initial length, or

c) as a fraction of the initial length.

The fractional increase in length of a material stressed in tension.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Originally, textiles such as cotton were coated in oil to create resistance to moisture. Now, resins from plastics are used instead of oil. Olefin is a very versatile fiber with excellent...
A lightweight textile with a low thread count that is lustrous and has an uneven textural appearance. It was originally made of silk but is found today in wool, silk, rayon, acetate and other...
The production of a layer of protruding fibres on the surface of fabrics by brushing, teazling or rubbing. NOTE: The fabric, in open width, is passed between rotating rollers covered with teazles,...
A process in which a specific type of dye is applied to the surface of a fabric, then after one washing it fades into a softer color. The color will slowly continue to fade with age. Pigment dyed...
A basic stitch used in weft knitting, which produces knit fabrics that have the same appearance on both sides. The purl stitch is frequently used in combination with the jersey and rib stitches to...

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