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What is "Fiber Base" - Definition & Explanation

Most man-made fibers are formed by forcing a syrupy substance (about the consistency of honey) through the tiny holes of a device called a spinneret In their original state, the fiber-forming substances exist as solids and there-fore must be first converted into a liquid state for extrusion. This is achieved by dissolving them in a solvent or melting them with heat. If they cannot be dissolved or melted directly, they must be chemically converted into soluble derivatives.

The basic substance for the three cellulosic fibers (acetate, rayon, and triacetate) is cellulose, which comes from purified wood pulp. It can be dissolved for extrusion into fibers. The substances used in the production of the noncellulosic fibers generally are melted or chemically converted into a liquid state.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

(Ultraviolet Protection Factor) The UPF rating indicates how effective a fabric is at blocking out solar ultraviolet radiation from reaching the skin. UPF ratings range from 15 to 50 with higher...
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A panty style similar to the string bikini, but with moderate back coverage that looks more like a "v" instead of the "u" which is found in full coverage backs. Many times, the waistband in the...
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A pile fabric with a clipped nap. Before clipping, the nap is a loop as found in frieze or boucle. Velvet was introduced during the Renaissance in Italy and Spain and later moved to France. Designs...

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