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What is "Fiber Base" - Definition & Explanation

Most man-made fibers are formed by forcing a syrupy substance (about the consistency of honey) through the tiny holes of a device called a spinneret In their original state, the fiber-forming substances exist as solids and there-fore must be first converted into a liquid state for extrusion. This is achieved by dissolving them in a solvent or melting them with heat. If they cannot be dissolved or melted directly, they must be chemically converted into soluble derivatives.

The basic substance for the three cellulosic fibers (acetate, rayon, and triacetate) is cellulose, which comes from purified wood pulp. It can be dissolved for extrusion into fibers. The substances used in the production of the noncellulosic fibers generally are melted or chemically converted into a liquid state.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A hydrophilic compound applied to a fiber or fabric which results in superior breathability and a moisture management system within the fabric that helps to maintain a comfortable body temperature...
Tyres reinforced by layers of tyre cord fabric arranged alternately so that the main load bearing yarns lie at an angle of less than 90 to the plane in which the tyre rotates and yarns of adjacent...
A tartan is a specific woven pattern that often signifies a particular Scottish clan in the modern era. The pattern is made with alternating bands of coloured (pre-dyed) threads woven as both warp...
A petticoat is an article of clothing for women; specifically an undergarment to be worn under a skirt (also known as underskirt) or dress. The petticoat is a separate garment hanging from the waist...
A process in which a specific type of dye is applied to the surface of a fabric, then after one washing it fades into a softer color. The color will slowly continue to fade with age. Pigment dyed...

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