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What is "Fiber Base" - Definition & Explanation

Most man-made fibers are formed by forcing a syrupy substance (about the consistency of honey) through the tiny holes of a device called a spinneret In their original state, the fiber-forming substances exist as solids and there-fore must be first converted into a liquid state for extrusion. This is achieved by dissolving them in a solvent or melting them with heat. If they cannot be dissolved or melted directly, they must be chemically converted into soluble derivatives.

The basic substance for the three cellulosic fibers (acetate, rayon, and triacetate) is cellulose, which comes from purified wood pulp. It can be dissolved for extrusion into fibers. The substances used in the production of the noncellulosic fibers generally are melted or chemically converted into a liquid state.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Artificial aging by wear and tear to leather or wood. In wood this can be physical distressing such as dents, gouges, worm holes, and scratches, or finish distressing such as wearing away, crackle,...
This is both the name of a fabric and a fiber. A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, it is second only to cotton in worldwide use. Its ability to stretch and resist wrinkling makes it a...
Silk, rayon, or cotton in a plain or crosswise rib weave. It has a watermarked finish that is fairly stiff with body in most cases. It is produced by passing the fabric between engraved cylinders...
A hand printing method using wood, metal, or linoleum blocks. The design is carved on the blocks, one block for each color. The dye is applied to the block which is pressed or hammered against the...
Sheraton is a late 18th century neoclassical English furniture style, in vogue ca 1785 - 1800, that was named afterwards (by 19th century collectors and dealers) to credit furniture designer Thomas...

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