TextileGlossary.com

What is "Friction Calendering" - Definition & Explanation

The process of passing fabric through a calender in which a highly polished, usually heated steel bowl rotates at a higher surface speed than the softer (e.g. cotton-filled or paper-filled) bowl against which it works, thus producing a glaze on the face of the fabric that is in contact with the steel bowl.

NOTE:

The friction ratio is the ratio between the peripheral speed of the faster steel bowl and that of the slower bowl and is normally in the range 1½:1 to 3:1.

A bright, shiny finish used on lining twills, sateen silesia, messaline and bind finish cloths. It is achieved when one calendar roller moves at a slightly increased speed over the other roller in the set. Rollers may or may not be heated.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Designer 727 is a two-ply, 80% Australian wool/20% bright viscose rayon with 2,200 yds/lb. This is the finest wool-ray available. Designer 727 has a slightly higher twist than the ordinary yarns...
1. A lightweight silk, cotton or man-made fiber dress fabric that is soft and drapes well. It is smooth, ahs a semi-lustrous satin face and dull back. Hard twist yarn is used for the warp with a...
It is a finished cloth produced by passing the fabric between heated rollers under pressure. This results in a fabric having a smooth, glossy surface and is normally applied to cotton and linen...
Silk fabric brocaded with silver and gold. The metal thread used for brocading is made from a fine strand of flattened metal wound over a core of silk, using yellow silk under gold, and white silk...
Usually a plain weave, mercerized fabric made of long staple cotton which when treated with dope is used as airplane fabric to cover wings, fuselage or tails. Also used for boys’ suits, shirtings,...

Companies for Friction Calendering:


If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Friction Calendering, please fill your company details below so that we can list our company for FREE!

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2017 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap