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What is "Friction Calendering" - Definition & Explanation

The process of passing fabric through a calender in which a highly polished, usually heated steel bowl rotates at a higher surface speed than the softer (e.g. cotton-filled or paper-filled) bowl against which it works, thus producing a glaze on the face of the fabric that is in contact with the steel bowl.

NOTE:

The friction ratio is the ratio between the peripheral speed of the faster steel bowl and that of the slower bowl and is normally in the range 1:1 to 3:1.

A bright, shiny finish used on lining twills, sateen silesia, messaline and bind finish cloths. It is achieved when one calendar roller moves at a slightly increased speed over the other roller in the set. Rollers may or may not be heated.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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The Traditional Indian Dress For The Lower Part Of The Body, Consisting Of A Piece Of Unstitched Cloth Draped Over The Hips And Legs. Worn In Various Ways In Different Parts Of The Country, Alike By...
Curvature of the warp or weft. NOTE: A fabric is said to be warp-bowed or weft-bowed, according to which set of threads is curved. Weft bow may or may not extend over the full width of the...
(douppioni) silk yarns made from the cocoon of two silk worms that have nested toghether. In spinning, the double strand is not separated so the yarn is uneven and irregular with a large diameter in...

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