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What is "Gauge" - Definition & Explanation

Measure of the diameter of metal wire or thickness of sheet metal. The higher the number, the thinner the piece.
Generic name for a measuring device, for example, pressure gauge, depth gauge.
The number of needles per unit length (usually 1 inch) along a needle bed or needle bar or flat knitting machine. For circular knitting machines, the unit length is the circumference of the needle cylinder.
A measurement most commonly associated with knitting equipment. It can mean the number of needles per inch in a knitting machine. However, in full fashioned hosiery and sweater machines, the number of needles per 1-1/2 inches represents the gauge.
A gauge is a set number of rows per inch (in knitting) or the thread-count of a woven fabric that helps the knitter determine whether they have the right size knitting needles or a weaver if the cloth is tight enough.
A measurement used in knitted garments that reflects the size of the needles used to knit the garment. The larger the gauge, the smaller the needle-therefore, the finer the knit.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

To achieve a matte, cotton-like texture, a jet of air is blown on a fiber to give it a rough, non-reflective surface. Textured fibers offer greater bulk and airiness to a fabric without increasing...
Oil from the linen (flax) plant's seeds. Used as a finish, often "Boiled" (containing metallic driers) or "Raw" (natural). Also used as a component in most oil-based varnishes, including polyurethane...
A component in cotton of trash (q.v.) in the form of a heterogeneous assortment of vegetable fragments, most of them being small pieces of leaf, leaf bract (a small form of leaf growing beneath the...
A fabric that has been treated with a synthetic film-forming polymer (resin). This may be done to make the fabric firmer, heavier, more stable, to add wrinkle resistance, to reduce shrinkage or to...
Lucet is a method of cordmaking or braiding which is believed to date back to the Viking era. Lucet cord is square, strong, and slightly springy. It closely resembles knitted I-cord or the cord...

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