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What is "Layering" - Definition & Explanation

Layering involves the use of a comfort or base layer; an insulation layer; and a protection layer. The base layer comprises clothing worn next to the skin. Perspiration drying on the skin can cause chilling. However, this effect can be minimised by wearing a base layer which wicks moisture away from the skin. The insulation layer is the middle layer in the system and enables the wearer to regulate his or her body temperature by putting on or taking off garments as necessary. Insulation layer garments should be lightweight and warm, and should dry quickly in order to retain body heat. They should also let perspiration vapour escape from the comfort layer underneath, and retain their insulating properties even when wet. The protection layer is an outer layer of waterproof and windproof fabric. It should be highly breathable, so as to allow perspiration vapour to escape easily from the comfort layer and the insulation layer.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Single textile material with addition of an extra warp of filling added for weight and warmth. The extra warp or filling ma is of wool, worsted, cotton, or other yarns. This type of construction is...
It is a fabric woven as 5 end satin weave using worsted warp and woolen weft. The fabric is given after treatments such as milling and raising, so as to impart a soft feel and handle. It finds use as...
A woven fabric with a series of faint stripes formed by the arrangement of light, medium, and dark warp yarns or by twisting together 2 yarns of different colors. Used for drapery, upholstery,...
A term broadly applied to the sturdier types of fabricsmade of the coarser grades of wool. Tweed fabricsoriginally derived their interest from the coloreffectsobtained by mixing stock-dyedwools. More...
A class of chemicals including many variants used as water soluble solvents in a variety of cleaning products, latex paint, water-borne wood finishes and other applications. Members of this class...

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