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What is "Layering" - Definition & Explanation

Layering involves the use of a comfort or base layer; an insulation layer; and a protection layer. The base layer comprises clothing worn next to the skin. Perspiration drying on the skin can cause chilling. However, this effect can be minimised by wearing a base layer which wicks moisture away from the skin. The insulation layer is the middle layer in the system and enables the wearer to regulate his or her body temperature by putting on or taking off garments as necessary. Insulation layer garments should be lightweight and warm, and should dry quickly in order to retain body heat. They should also let perspiration vapour escape from the comfort layer underneath, and retain their insulating properties even when wet. The protection layer is an outer layer of waterproof and windproof fabric. It should be highly breathable, so as to allow perspiration vapour to escape easily from the comfort layer and the insulation layer.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Gabardine is a tough, tightly woven fabric used to make suits, overcoats and trousers, or a garment made from the material. The fibre used to make the fabric is traditionally worsted (a woolen yarn),...
Registered trademark of Cluett, Peabody & Co. for fabrics processed by machine so that residual shrinkage will not exceed 1% in either direction (according to the U.S.?s standard wash test...
The boat-like device which carries the filling yarn wound on the bobbin which sees in the shuttle from a shuttle box on one side of the raceplate of the loom, through the shed, and into a shuttle box...
Felt is a cloth made without weaving (a non-woven) which is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers. Loden is a type of felt originally worn in the Alpine regions, which has recently...
A small piece of fabric placed on the top back and arms of an upholstered furniture to protect the upholstery. In the Victorian era, people used macassar oil in their hair. The antimacassars were...

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