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What is "Mackinaw" - Definition & Explanation

Historically, it was made from an ordinary grade of wool that often had shoddy re-used or remanufactured wool mixed in. A twill weave where the weave is concealed. Mackinaw is heavily fulled or felted and napped on both sides to conceal the weave. Much of the fabric is in a plaid or large check design or brightly colored, or with different colors on each side. Mackinaw is heavy and thick, very similar to melton. It is named after MacKinac Island, Michigan and is also called snow cloth. It was used by miners, lumbermen, hunters, trappers, fishermen, and cowboys in jackets, mackinaws and coats. It was also used for blankets, shirts, and some heavy sportswear, and windbreakers. Mackinaw is another fabric that has been replaced by more modern, lighter and warmer synthetics and blends.
Heavy woollen cloth used for shirts, jackets, and pants; first made by the Hudson‘s Bay Company in 1912. Often the term used for the jacket itself.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The use of the term in relation to treated cotton ducks is prohibited by the "Fair Trade Practices Act" unless :the product shall be impervious to the passage of any water so long as the fabric may...
A 3 tone effect that changes with the angle of view. It is achieved by using a warp yarn of one color and double weft yarns of 2 different colors. It is often found in taffetas, poplins or failles of...
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Cotton, silk, wool, rayon, synthetics, and blends. The weave can be plain, twill, or rib, background often has a small design either jacquard or dobby made with warp floats on surface giving a...
A variation on the twill weave construction in which a broken check effect is produced by a variation in the pattern of interlacing yarns, utilizing at least two different colored yarns. This check...

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