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What is "Mackinaw" - Definition & Explanation

Historically, it was made from an ordinary grade of wool that often had shoddy re-used or remanufactured wool mixed in. A twill weave where the weave is concealed. Mackinaw is heavily fulled or felted and napped on both sides to conceal the weave. Much of the fabric is in a plaid or large check design or brightly colored, or with different colors on each side. Mackinaw is heavy and thick, very similar to melton. It is named after MacKinac Island, Michigan and is also called snow cloth. It was used by miners, lumbermen, hunters, trappers, fishermen, and cowboys in jackets, mackinaws and coats. It was also used for blankets, shirts, and some heavy sportswear, and windbreakers. Mackinaw is another fabric that has been replaced by more modern, lighter and warmer synthetics and blends.
Heavy woollen cloth used for shirts, jackets, and pants; first made by the Hudson‘s Bay Company in 1912. Often the term used for the jacket itself.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A system of weaving which, because of a pattern-making mechanism of great versatility, permits the production of very ornate, complex woven designs. This type of weaving is used for tapestry, figured...
A general term for a strong, tightly woven fabric most often used for mattress and box spring covers but also for workwear and other apparel. Often found in a pattern of narrow stripes on either side...
Silk in a crosswise rib (plain or twill weave). Has brightly colored stripes in the filling direction. Often black warp. The color effects are usually startling or bizarre. Mostly produced in India....
A process in which a specific type of dye is applied to the surface of a fabric, then after one washing it fades into a softer color. The color will slowly continue to fade with age. Pigment dyed...
Customer's Own Material -- a term describing when a customer, not the upholsterer or factory supplies material for use. It is a common practice to charge a cutting fee. This compensates somewhat for...

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