What is "Mercerisation" - Definition & Explanation
a) The treatment of cellulosic textiles, in yarn or fabric form, with a concentrated solution of a caustic alkali whereby the fibres are swollen, their strength and dye affinity is increased and their handle (q.v.) is modified.
Stretching the swollen materials while wet with caustic alkali and then washing the alkali has the additional effect of enhancing the lustre (q.v.)
b) The process of steeping cellulose in a concentrated caustic soda solution.
The treatment of cellulosic fabric with caustic to improve dye-ability and handle.
The treatment of cellulosic textiles in yam or fabric form with a concentrated solution of caustic alkali whereby the fibres are swollen, the strength and dye affinity of the materials are increased, and the handle is modified.
A treatment of yarns or fabrics with caustic alkali, in which fibres are swollen and stretched to increase lustre in the finished product.
Some more terms: Sanforising
The process of physically compressing (or shrinking) woven fabrics so that they don't shrink unacceptably when a customer washes them. Most fabric processes work under tension that stretch fabrics as...
A decorative stitching along the stitching lines of hems and borders to create an open weave...
A nonwoven fabric in which the fibres are held together by a bonding material. This may be an adhesive or a bonding fibre with a low melting point. Alternatively, the material may be held together by...
Natural & color
Refers to yarn dye fabrics which combine natural yarns and colored yarns in the...
Wet describing chemicals applied to a fabric and generally seen as less environmental-friendly than mechanical dry finishes. However, there are some eco-friendly wet finishes, which are increasing in....
Companies for Mercerisation:
If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Mercerisation