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What is "Mercerisation" - Definition & Explanation

a) The treatment of cellulosic textiles, in yarn or fabric form, with a concentrated solution of a caustic alkali whereby the fibres are swollen, their strength and dye affinity is increased and their handle (q.v.) is modified.
NOTE:
Stretching the swollen materials while wet with caustic alkali and then washing the alkali has the additional effect of enhancing the lustre (q.v.)
b) The process of steeping cellulose in a concentrated caustic soda solution.
The treatment of cellulosic fabric with caustic to improve dye-ability and handle.
The treatment of cellulosic textiles in yam or fabric form with a concentrated solution of caustic alkali whereby the fibres are swollen, the strength and dye affinity of the materials are increased, and the handle is modified.
A treatment of yarns or fabrics with caustic alkali, in which fibres are swollen and stretched to increase lustre in the finished product.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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A girdle or kamarband, worn usually over payjama (q.v.), and often very sumptuous and decorative. PESHWAZ Long gown-like dress, consisting essentially of a choli (q.v.) worn rather high to which a...
Aloha shirts manufactured for local Hawai'i residents are often dull in tone, if not uniformly colored or color-coordinated, and are adorned with traditional Hawaiian quilt designs or simple plant...
A process which reduces the linear density of an assembly of fibres. Drafting typically occurs in the early stages of producing yarns from staple fibres. Draw spinning: A process for spinning...
Neither a natural fiber nor a man-made one, it breathes like cotton but is much less sturdy. Versatile rayon is inexpensive and can be woven to feel like linen or wool. It is soft and drapeable but...

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