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What is "Mercerisation" - Definition & Explanation

a) The treatment of cellulosic textiles, in yarn or fabric form, with a concentrated solution of a caustic alkali whereby the fibres are swollen, their strength and dye affinity is increased and their handle (q.v.) is modified.
NOTE:
Stretching the swollen materials while wet with caustic alkali and then washing the alkali has the additional effect of enhancing the lustre (q.v.)
b) The process of steeping cellulose in a concentrated caustic soda solution.
The treatment of cellulosic fabric with caustic to improve dye-ability and handle.
The treatment of cellulosic textiles in yam or fabric form with a concentrated solution of caustic alkali whereby the fibres are swollen, the strength and dye affinity of the materials are increased, and the handle is modified.
A treatment of yarns or fabrics with caustic alkali, in which fibres are swollen and stretched to increase lustre in the finished product.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The procedure, other than by scouring only, of improving the whiteness of a textile by decolourising it from the grey state, with or without the removal of the nature colouring matter or extraneous...
White cloudiness of a wood finish due to entrapped moisture. The common causes are applying finish in humid conditions or exposure to moisture, usually accompanied by heat, such as hot food or drink....
A plain weave fabric with a warp yarn of one color alternating with a warp yarn of white or a second color. Often the weft yarns alternate with the same 2 colors forming a mini check design. Used...
1. FIBRE. General term used for immature, undeveloped cotton fibres. May cause increased nep-piness on the fabric and also may cause uneven dyeing. May show up as undyed specks, due to poor dye...
An antimicrobial that effectively controls or kills at least 3 of the basic microorganism groups. This term is important to help give a specific encompassing term to technologies that offer...

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