What is "Mercerising" - Definition & Explanation

Mercerisation alters the chemical structure of the cotton fibre. The structure of the fibre changes from alpha-cellulose to beta-cellulose. Mercerising results in the swelling of the cell wall which causes increases in the surface area and reflectance, and gives the fiber a softer feel and more lustrous appearance, increases strength, affinity to dye, resistance to mildew, but also increases affinity to lint. Cotton with long staple fibre lengths responds best to mercerisation.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

This final operation in yarn manufacture consists of the drawing, twisting, and the winding or the newly spun yarn onto a device such as a bobbin, spindle, cop. tube. cheese, etc. Spinning requires...
(book/booking) The raw edge hem done on a blindstitch machine, usually sewn in the side ans back seam outlets, and on the bottom turn-up. (french)- A closure between two pieces of material, made by...
a) Fabric A length of finished fabric of less than a customary unit (piece) length. b) Finishing 1. Each passage of a length of fabric through a machine, for example in jig-dyeing. 2. A joint...
The application of a size mixture to warp yarn. The purpose of this is to make the yarn smoother and stronger to withstand the strain of weaving, to provide an acceptable hand in the woven gray...
Usually a fluorochemical custom soil-resistant fabric treatment for upholstered furniture. The fabric treatment is odorless and does not affect the feel of a fabric. What it does is increase the...

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