TextileGlossary.com

What is "Mercerized Cotton" - Definition & Explanation

Mercerization is a treatment for cotton fabric and thread mostly employed to give cotton a lustrous appearance.
A wet finishing process for cotton yarn or fabric, which results in a stronger and more lustrous yarn that takes dye better with brighter, deeper colors.
Mercerized cotton is cotton thread (or cotton-covered thread with a polyester core) that has been treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The thread is given a caustic soda bath that is then neutralized with an acid bath. This treatment increases strength, luster, affinity to dye and resistance to mildew, and also reduces lint. Long staple fibre lengths respond best to mercerization.
A treatment using heat and streatching to increase luster, strength and ability to dye. Usually the yarns are soaked in concentrated sodium.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Brought to Damscus by Marco Polo in 13th Century. A jacquard woven fabric with floral or geometric patterns created with different weave effects. Can be woven self-tone: one color warp: different...
A wool fabric made in France from the wool of Pyrenees’ flocks of sheep. The Pyrenees are a mountain chain between France and Spain. The fabric is well known because it is a high quality fabric which...
(hopsacking) a rough-surfaced loosely woven clothing fabric. cotton, wool, linen, rayon, silk, hemp, jute. Basket weave. Made with coarse yarn. Has a rather rough texture and quite durable. Often...
The process of applying dyes to fibres, yarns, fabrics or garments. The type of dye, method used and liquor ratio (i.e. The amount of water used relative to the amount of fabric) has a huge influence...
A yarn produced at the spinning frame by feeding a yarn through the delivery rollers only, simultaneously with the spinning of the staple fibres (q.v.) NOTE: The yarn fed through at the delivery...

Companies for Mercerized Cotton:


If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Mercerized Cotton, please fill your company details below so that we can list our company for FREE!