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What is "Mercerized Cotton" - Definition & Explanation

Mercerization is a treatment for cotton fabric and thread mostly employed to give cotton a lustrous appearance.
A wet finishing process for cotton yarn or fabric, which results in a stronger and more lustrous yarn that takes dye better with brighter, deeper colors.
Mercerized cotton is cotton thread (or cotton-covered thread with a polyester core) that has been treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The thread is given a caustic soda bath that is then neutralized with an acid bath. This treatment increases strength, luster, affinity to dye and resistance to mildew, and also reduces lint. Long staple fibre lengths respond best to mercerization.
A treatment using heat and streatching to increase luster, strength and ability to dye. Usually the yarns are soaked in concentrated sodium.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A manufactured fiber similar to acrylic in characteristics and end-uses. Modacrylics have a higher resistance to chemicals and combustion than acrylic, but also have a lower safe ironing temperature...
Removal of loose threads, knots, slubs, burs, and other extraneous materials from fabrics by means of a burling iron, a type of tweezer. The trick is to remove the impurity without damaging the...
A general classification of strong, firm, closely woven fabrics usually made with cotton. A heavier, open weave comprised of plied yarns (a number of single yarns, usually three, twisted together)....
A Blister Or Puffed Effect On The Surface Of The Fabric . It May Be The Result Of Chemical Treatment Of The Fabric Or The Result Of Using Different Yarns, Yarns Under Different Tension, Or Yarns Of...
The process of applying dye to fabric on a continuous basis rather on a batchwise process. Uses less energy and water that batchwise processes in principle but there are long periods of time when the...

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