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What is "Mercerized" - Definition & Explanation

A treatment of fine cotton yarn or fabric that increases shine, luster and strength. Its ability to absorb dyes produces vibrant colors (click here for more info).
A finishing process for cotton using caustic soda which may be applied at the yarn or fabric stage resulting in additional luster, improved strength and an improved ability to take dye.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A plain-weave, stiff fabric with thick-and-thin yarns in both the warp and the filling. The fabric was originally made of linen but is now duplicated in 100% polyester or a variety of blends such as...
A method of resist dyeing which employs wax as the resist. The pattern is covered with wax, and the fabric is then dyed: the wax patterns will not take the dye. The wax is removed after dyeing by...
a) Any adventitious (unwanted) colour, owing to dye, dirt or iron, on textile material. NOTE: A severe stain is one that will resist processing. b) The fugitive or permanent colouring of material...
A pre-shrinkage process which involves the dampening with a sponge to woolen and worsted fabrics. The process is accomplished by rolling in moist muslin, or by steaming. This procedure is performed...
Cotton, silk, wool, rayon, synthetics, and blends. The weave can be plain, twill, or rib, background often has a small design either jacquard or dobby made with warp floats on surface giving a...

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