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What is "Mercerized" - Definition & Explanation

A treatment of fine cotton yarn or fabric that increases shine, luster and strength. Its ability to absorb dyes produces vibrant colors (click here for more info).
A finishing process for cotton using caustic soda which may be applied at the yarn or fabric stage resulting in additional luster, improved strength and an improved ability to take dye.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Muslin, named for Mosul, a textile center in ancient Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), is now a generic term for a simple-weave fabric ranging from sheer to heavy sheetings. Fine muslin is smooth, with a...
A float weave made in many fabrics. The name comes from a French word meaning birds nest. Its patterns are regular and open. Honey comb fabric is also known as Diamond Weave. It is found in...
Fustian is a term for a variety of heavy twilled woven cotton fabrics, chiefly prepared for menswear. Usually dyed in a dark shade. Declined in popularity from 1813, being replaced by harder wearing...
Astrakhan pelt of the newborn Persian lamb, used like fur in garments, and also the woolen fabric woven to resemble real astrakhan. The cloth is woven on a cotton base entirely covered by a pile of...
The simplest of all weave interlacings, in which the odd warp threads operate over one and under one weft thread throughout the fabric and the even warp threads reverse this order to under one, over...

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