TextileGlossary.com

What is "Natural Fibers" - Definition & Explanation

Materials that grow in nature such as cotton, flax, hemp, alpaca, wool and silk. The processing natural fibers into organic clothing is done with as few chemicals and harmful impact on the environment as possible.
All fibers made out of plants, animal and mineral sources belong to the group of natural fibers. Various conditions in climate, plantation or breed of animal can influence the characteristic and quality of the fiber.
Australian Wool, for example, is different in its texture from Scottish wool. With the exception of ‘endless’ silk thread, natural fibers are staple yarns (elongated single cells).
In the group of vegetable fibers you will find yarns such as Cotton, Linen, Hemp, Jute, Ramie, Sisal.

In the group of animal fibers you will find yarns such as Wool, Mohair, Horsehair, Goat hair, Silk.

A general term for fibers derived from natural substances such as cellulose, proteins and minerals.
Fibers that were not created by people, such as cotton, linen, wool, and silk.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Heavy metal free refers to dyes that do not require the use of heavy metals to achieve the fixation of colors. Toxic heavy metals, such as chrome, copper and zinc, which are all known carcinogens,...
Scottish tartan fabric woven with a blue and black ground and green and white over-check. Medium weight, usually not heavy enough for outerwear. Originally all-wool, but now may contain a proportion...
An environmentally-friendly alternative. These products and finishes are nonflammable and odorless. They offer reduced exposure to toxic materials and help reduce environmental pollution. Water-based...
Fiber reactive dyes are dyes used to color cellulosic and protein fibers such as cotton, rayon and soy. The dyestuff bonds to the fibers through a chemical reaction and does not require the use of...
A cotton fabric in a plain or twill. Can also be spelled domet. Generally made in white. Has a longer nap than on flannelette. Soft filling yarns of medium or light weight are used to obtain the...

Companies for Natural Fibers:


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