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What is "Phthalates" - Definition & Explanation

These chemicals are salts or esters of phthalic acid. The esters are commonly used as plasticizers to soften polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and increase the flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity of plastic products. However, when ingested, phthalates can cause kidney and liver damage. Due to these health concerns, phthalates are now being phased out of many products in the United States, Canada, and the European Union.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A coat (a term frequently interchangeable with jacket) is an outer garment worn by both men and women, for warmth or fashion. Coats typically have long sleeves and open down the front, closing by...
A marked change in the colour of an object with a change in the spectral composition of the light by which it is viewed. NOTE: Metamerism can be judged only with reference to the changes occurring...
A type of carpet where the pile is inserted one row of tufts at a time, each row representing a section of the overall pattern. The tufts are `U'-shaped, and are anchored at the bottom into the...
On boats, the area towards the stern of a small decked vessel that houses the rudder controls. In aircrafts, The cockpit contains instrumentation and controls which enable the pilot to fly the...
A yarn composed of two or more single yarns twisted together. Many two-ply yarns are used in carpet. In cut-pile carpet, eg, saxony, plied yarns must be heat-set to prevent untwisting under traffic....

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