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What is "Phthalates" - Definition & Explanation

These chemicals are salts or esters of phthalic acid. The esters are commonly used as plasticizers to soften polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and increase the flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity of plastic products. However, when ingested, phthalates can cause kidney and liver damage. Due to these health concerns, phthalates are now being phased out of many products in the United States, Canada, and the European Union.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper...
Cotton fabric made of combed yarn that comes in a plain weave with a crosswise or lengthwise spaced rib or crossbar effect. A thin sheer with corded spaced stripes that could be single, double or...
Silk fabric brocaded with silver and gold. The metal thread used for brocading is made from a fine strand of flattened metal wound over a core of silk, using yellow silk under gold, and white silk...
Running stitches laid in rows from edge to edge of the given area to fill. Usualy used to fill in larger areas. Consists of two densities (see Density and Stitch Length), spacing between the rows of...
A lightweight or heavy open-construction fabric made byknotting ortwistingyarns together, thereby forminggeometric patterns such assquares orhexagons.Ranges in weight from very sheer to very heavy...

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