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What is "Phthalates" - Definition & Explanation

These chemicals are salts or esters of phthalic acid. The esters are commonly used as plasticizers to soften polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and increase the flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity of plastic products. However, when ingested, phthalates can cause kidney and liver damage. Due to these health concerns, phthalates are now being phased out of many products in the United States, Canada, and the European Union.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Felt is a cloth made without weaving (a non-woven) which is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers. Loden is a type of felt originally worn in the Alpine regions, which has recently...
Made from wool, cotton, linen, silk, rayon, or synthetics. In a basket weave. Monk’s cloth is heavy due to its construction. It is difficult to sew or manipulate as the yarns have a tendency to...
A brassard is a roughly triangular piece of fabric designed to be worn around the upper arm, held in place by a shoulder strap on the clothing underneath. It is used as an item of military uniform to...
A high quality fabric characterized by its vertical stripes of identical width that have equal widths between them. It consists of cotton, wool, silk, or elaborate velvet stripes that are separated...
A woven fabric generally of cotton or a cotton blend with a short, dense pile resembling velvet. Velveteen differs from velvet in that it is usually made with cotton, it generally has a shorter pile...

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