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What is "Pique" - Definition & Explanation

A woven cloth showing rounded cords in the weft direction with sunken lines between them.
Fabric has an embossed appearance created by weaving ribbed, waffle or honeycomb patterns.
A knitted fabric that resembles a lightweight Bedford cord, with the wales or cords running in the warpwise or lengthwise direction.
Knit fabric with raised lengthwise 'cords' which are part of the weave.
Cotton, rayon, or synthetic fabrics in a lengthwise rib, English crosswise rib or cord weave that creates a stiff, durable ribbed fabric with an embossed pattern produced by a double warp thread. Originally was a crosswise rib but now mostly a lengthwise rib and the same as bedford cord. Ribs are often filled to give a more pronounced wale (cord weave). Comes in medium to heavy weights and is generally made of combed face yarns and carded stuffer yarns. It is durable and launders well, but wrinkles badly unless given a wrinkle-free finish. It also comes in different patterns besides wales. Some of the patterns are birdseye (small diamond), waffle (small squares), honeycomb (like the design on honeycomb honey). When the fabric begins to wear out it wears at the corded areas first.
A fabric characterized by a prominent, all-over geometric texture. It is most commonly woven on a dobby loom but it is also produced as a double knit. The most common textures are cords ( either vertical or horizontal), birdseye, waffle, honeycomb and bullseye. Produced in a variety of weights and fibers.
Pronounced pee-kay is a cotton used in many polo shirts and is generally distinguished as a waffle weave. It is slightly thicker and is valued by golfers, as this fabric does not show perspiration stains readily.
A class of double-cloth fabrics made in both carded and combed yarn qualities in a variety of patterns. Piques are often made from cotton but sometimes rayon material and used for golf or placket shirts.
durable ribbed clothing fabric of cotton, rayon, or silk. Lengthwise rib, English crosswise rib or cord weave. Originally was a crosswise rib but now mostly a lenghtwise rib and the same as bedford cord. Ribs are often filled to give a more pronounced wale (cord weave). Comes in medium to heavy weights. It is generally made of combed face yarns and carded stuffer yarns. It is durable and launders well. Wrinkles badly unless given a wrinkle-free finish. ...
A durable ribbed clothing fabric of cotton, rayon, or silk.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The treatment of textile materials in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities. NOTE: The...
Backstrap looms, as the name implies, are tied around the weaver's waist on one end and around a stationary object such as a tree, post, or door on the other. Tension can be adjusted simply by...
The coloring of greige goods or fibers with either natural or synthetic dyes. This may be done in many different ways depending on the type of fabric (or fiber), the type of dye and the desired...
(Durable Press) - Terms used to describe a garment which has been treated to retain its fresh appearance, crease, and shape throughout the life of the garment, Permanent press can be a misleading...
A type of carpet where the pile is inserted one row of tufts at a time, each row representing a section of the overall pattern. The tufts are `U'-shaped, and are anchored at the bottom into the...

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