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What is "Printing" - Definition & Explanation

Applying color(s) in definite, repeated patterns of fabric by any one of a number of printing methods. Color is deposited in thick paste form and treated with steam or chemicals to cause it to migrate into or adhere to textile material. The design is not woven into the cloth but stamped in after the cloth is woven or knit.
The reproduction of a pattern onto a textile material by applying a suitable substance by means of an engraved surface, a stencil or other patterning device.
A process producing a pattern on yarns or fabric by treating rather than by weaving. There are many kinds of printing. Screen printing which is like a stencil. Roller printing is where fabric passes between a roller and a pad. Pigment printing is the use of pigments instead of dyes. The pigments are attached to the surface of the fabric but do not penetrate the fiber as in dyeing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A chemical process for eliminating vegetable matter from animal fibres such as wool by degrading it to an easily friable (readily crumbled) condition. The process usually involves treatment with an...
Leather that is dyed right through during tanning and has no coating on the top of the hide. Only the top quality hides are used for this type of leather and they retain natural variations such as...
Operations by which slivers (q.v.) are blended (or doubled), levelled and, by drafting (q.v.), reduced to the stage of roving (q.v.) (In the cotton industry, the term is applied exclusively to...
The crimped, rippled, wavy or pebbled appearance of a fabric where distortion of the structure has occurred as the result of non-uniform relaxation or shrinkage. NOTE: This defect may result from...
The seat area upon which the seat cushion rests. The deck cloth is often a different, cheaper or more durable fabric, but if it is the same fabric as the rest of the cover, it's called "Self-decked"...

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