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What is "Printing" - Definition & Explanation

Applying color(s) in definite, repeated patterns of fabric by any one of a number of printing methods. Color is deposited in thick paste form and treated with steam or chemicals to cause it to migrate into or adhere to textile material. The design is not woven into the cloth but stamped in after the cloth is woven or knit.
The reproduction of a pattern onto a textile material by applying a suitable substance by means of an engraved surface, a stencil or other patterning device.
A process producing a pattern on yarns or fabric by treating rather than by weaving. There are many kinds of printing. Screen printing which is like a stencil. Roller printing is where fabric passes between a roller and a pad. Pigment printing is the use of pigments instead of dyes. The pigments are attached to the surface of the fabric but do not penetrate the fiber as in dyeing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The technique of beefing up low grade, low cost, cloth to enhance its appearance. Only one side of the goods is affected by the process. The filling solution is composed of varying amounts of...
A strong, soft fiber yielded by the inner bark of the Ramie plant. The fiber is white, soft, lustrous and slightly coarser than flax (linen) when degummed and bleached. Ramie fabrics are strong,...
A particular form of pressure mark (q.v.) in a fabric, and that is produced by the relief print-off of defects such as slubs or seams joining lengths of fabric, under excessive rolling tension or by...
Paisley is a droplet-shaped vegetal motif, similar to half of the T'ai Chi symbol, the Indian bodhi tree leaf, or the mango tree. The design originated in India and spread to Scotland when British...
Also called Monk's cloth. A heavy, rough surfaced, hardwearing, loosely woven, basket weave fabric in solid colours. Sometimes stripes or plaids are woven into the fabric. Made of cotton or linen. It...

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