What is "Satin" - Definition & Explanation
This weave is usually made with 5, 8 or 10 shafts that have the warp yarn floating again. The weave produces a fabric with a characteristic smooth surface and high luster. Weft or filler satins are usually referred to as sateen.
A smooth strong, lustrous satin weave fabric made with silk or manufactured filament yarns. In a warp face satin, the most common, the filling yarns cross over one and under several warp yarns, thus mainly the warp yarns are visible on the face. In a filling face satin, the filling yarns cross under one and over several warp yarns thus the mainly the filling yarns are visible on the face. Some satins have a filament yarn face and spun yarn back.
(Peau de Soie) – A soft, satin-face, good quality cloth with a dull luster. It has a grainy appearance, and is a characteristic in the cloth which may have a single or double face construction. Fine close ribs are seen in the filling direction. With the best grades, the fabric can be used on either side. Lower qualities are finished on one side only. Name means 'skin of silk'. Some cloth sold as peau de soie is really a de-lustered satin. It doesn't have the grainy appearance. Because of crosswise rib, the fabric is difficult to ease. Also sold as 'de-lustered satin'.
Satin-back - Satin on one side and anything on the other. For example, very good velvet ribbon has velvet on one side and satin on the other.
(Duchesse Satin) - This form of satin has a wonderful luster and a smooth feel with a thread count is very high. As the name implies, it is used in fine women's wear. Very fine yarns are used, particularly in the warp with more ends/inch than picks. It is characterized by a grainy twill on back.
A Satin is a cloth that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. It is formed by a sequence of broken twill floats in either the warp or weft system, which respectively identify the goods as either a satin or a sateen.
Satin Faconne – A jacquard figured fabric with an all-satin weave background. Various types of striping effects are obtained.
A traditional fabric utilizing a satin weave construction to achieve a lustrous fabric surface. Satin is a traditional fabric for evening and wedding garments. Typical examples of satin weave fabrics include: slipper satin, crepe-back satin, faille satin, bridal satin, moleskin, and royal satin. Traditionally made from silk, satin can also be made from rayon and synthetics. It originated in China (Zaytoun, China - now Canton - a port from which satins were exported during the Middle Ages). It became known in Italy during the XIIth, and XIIIth Centuries and in England by the XIVth Century. It became a favorite of all court life because of its exquisite qualities and feel. It usually has a lustrous surface and a dull back. The luster is produced by running it between hot cylinders. It is made in many colors, weights, varieties, qualities, and degrees of stiffness. A low grade silk or a cotton filling is often used in cheaper cloths.
(Double-Faced Satin) - Yarn woven with two warps and one filling, to simulate a double satin construction. Has satin on both sides. Cotton filling is often used in cheaper qualities.
A woven cloth of smooth surface caused by weft floats.
A fabric made in satin weave.
A warp-faced weave in which the binding places are arranged with a view to producing a smooth fabric surface, free from twill.
To prevent confusion with "sateen", it is preferable to refer to this as "warp satin weave".
Soft and flowing fabric in which a unique weave gives its right side a brighter sheen than the back side.
Satin cloths were originally made of silk and simulations but are now made from different types of yarns. The fabric has a very smooth, lustrous face-effect while the back of the material is dull. In menswear commonly used on tuxedo lapels and trimmings.
A Satin is a cloth that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. A satin is a weaving technique that forms a minimum number of interlacings in a fabric. If a fabric is formed with a satin weave using filament fibers such as silk or nylon, the corresponding fabric is termed a "satin." If the yarns used are short-staple yarns such as cotton, the fabric formed is considered a "sateen."
A traditional fabric utilizing a satin weave construction to achieve a lustrous fabric surface. Satin is a traditional fabric for evening and wedding garments. Typical examples of satin weave fabrics include: slipper satin, crepe-back satin, faille satin, bridal satin, moleskin, and royal satin.
A smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back.
A soft-sheen finish.
A woven type of fabric with the characteristic of being highly lustrous on one side, and matte on the other. Can be made in a variety of fibers. Typical examples of satin weave fabrics include: slipper satin, crepe-back satin, faille satin, bridal satin, moleskin, and antique satin.
Some more terms: Mercerising
Mercerisation alters the chemical structure of the cotton fibre. The structure of the fibre changes from alpha-cellulose to beta-cellulose. Mercerising results in the swelling of the cell wall which...
Overplaid a fabric with an over-plaid design, namely a textile design consisting of a plaid pattern superimposed on another plaid or on a textured...
A coat like garment, worn by men close to the body, of knee-length, and opening in front with button-fastenings. Related to the achkan (q.v.); especially popular at the Hyderabad court and in...
Twist inserted in a yarn through the rotation of a yarn end (as in uptwisting or downtwisting) or the repeated passage of a thread loop around an end, as in two-for-one...
Peau de Soie
A heavy twill weave drapeable satin fabric, made of silk or a manufactured fiber, and used for bridal gowns and....
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