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What is "Scouring" - Definition & Explanation

Scouring or bioscouring is the removal of wax (fatty acids, alcohols and esters), which is critical to improved wetability. The process removes pectin which functions as a glue binding wax to the fibre, and renders wax extractable and the cotton ready for dye or bleach.
The treatment of textiles in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
The treatment of textile materials in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
NOTE:
The treatment required to produce a refined textile varies with the condition and type of fibre processed.
Cleaning raw wool or fiber and removing such impurities as dirt, sweat, and grease by washing with soaps and alkalies or with chemicals.
The washing process of fabric or yarn to remove dirt or grease.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A sleeveless short top that is held in place by a narrow band of cloth that goes around the back of the neck. Halter tops usually tie, hook, or clasp behind the neck and across the back, leaving the...
Tablet weaving is a process of weaving where tablets, also called 'cards', are used to create the shed that the weft is passed through. It is generally used to make narrow work such as belts or...
A coarse and loosely woven woolen material made tosimulate homemadecloth-in effect, a coarse, rough plain weave fabric. Yarnisusually heavyandcontainscoarse wool fiber unevenly spun.Sometimes...
Medium weight, durable fabric made of cotton or cotton blend yarns. A tightly woven, strong fabric that is often finished with a water repellant coating. In men's wear most commonly used for trench...
A hydrophilic compound applied to a fiber or fabric which results in superior breathability and a moisture management system within the fabric that helps to maintain a comfortable body temperature...

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