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What is "Scouring" - Definition & Explanation

Scouring or bioscouring is the removal of wax (fatty acids, alcohols and esters), which is critical to improved wetability. The process removes pectin which functions as a glue binding wax to the fibre, and renders wax extractable and the cotton ready for dye or bleach.
The treatment of textiles in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
The treatment of textile materials in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
NOTE:
The treatment required to produce a refined textile varies with the condition and type of fibre processed.
Cleaning raw wool or fiber and removing such impurities as dirt, sweat, and grease by washing with soaps and alkalies or with chemicals.
The washing process of fabric or yarn to remove dirt or grease.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A tightly woven fabric made by using only long staple, combed wool or wool-blend yarns. The fabric has a hard, smooth surface. Gabardine is an example of a worsted fabric. A common end use is men's...
Tablet weaving is a process of weaving where tablets, also called 'cards', are used to create the shed that the weft is passed through. It is generally used to make narrow work such as belts or...
a) The characteristic of the visual sensation that enables the eye to distinguish differences in its quality, such as may be caused by differences in the spectral distribution of light rather than by...
Diaper a fabric with a distinctive pattern; a rich silk fabric; a soft usually white linen or cotton fabric used for tablecloths or towels. A basic garment for infants consisting of a folder cloth...
Backstrap looms, as the name implies, are tied around the weaver's waist on one end and around a stationary object such as a tree, post, or door on the other. Tension can be adjusted simply by...

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