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What is "Scouring" - Definition & Explanation

Scouring or bioscouring is the removal of wax (fatty acids, alcohols and esters), which is critical to improved wetability. The process removes pectin which functions as a glue binding wax to the fibre, and renders wax extractable and the cotton ready for dye or bleach.
The treatment of textiles in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
The treatment of textile materials in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
NOTE:
The treatment required to produce a refined textile varies with the condition and type of fibre processed.
Cleaning raw wool or fiber and removing such impurities as dirt, sweat, and grease by washing with soaps and alkalies or with chemicals.
The washing process of fabric or yarn to remove dirt or grease.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric that, owing to the nature of the weave, shows rounded cords in the warp direction with pronounced sunken lines between them. NOTE: The weave on the face of the cords is usually plain, but...
One of the most important developments in spinning man- made fibers is the technology of microdeniers where continuous filament fibers emerge from a spinnerette less than one denier per filament in...
Is stronger than Plain Weave. Each weft wire alternatively crosses over two, then under two warp wires. Twill weave is usually used to accomodate a heavier than standard wire diameter in association...
Has a longer or higher pile than velvet, but shorter than plush. It is pressed flat and has a high lustre made possible by a tremendous roller-press treatment given the material in finishing. Now...
Long rope with which the thick woolen coat worn by the Gaddis is secured around the waist. Draping means to hang or to adorn the body form with loose fabric, and to obtain a body fitted garment by...

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