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What is "Scouring" - Definition & Explanation

Scouring or bioscouring is the removal of wax (fatty acids, alcohols and esters), which is critical to improved wetability. The process removes pectin which functions as a glue binding wax to the fibre, and renders wax extractable and the cotton ready for dye or bleach.
The treatment of textiles in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
The treatment of textile materials in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
NOTE:
The treatment required to produce a refined textile varies with the condition and type of fibre processed.
Cleaning raw wool or fiber and removing such impurities as dirt, sweat, and grease by washing with soaps and alkalies or with chemicals.
The washing process of fabric or yarn to remove dirt or grease.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Color is applied to the fabric by spraying dye on the surface with a compressed air gun. Multiple colors maybe applied by using a different stencil for each color. Ombre or tie dye effects may be...
A plain, closely woven, inexpensive cloth, usually cotton or a cotton/manufactured fiber blend, characteristically having figured patterns on a white or contrasting background. Calico is typically...
Any filament, fibre, or yarn that can be made into fabric or cloth, and the resulting material itself. The word originally referred only to woven fabrics but now includes knitted, bonded, felted, and...
A shirt is a sort of top, i.e. a piece of clothing for the trunk of the body. In the UK, it refers almost exclusively to what Americans call a dress shirt, i.e. a garment with a collar and a full...
Classic all-cotton “Army twill” fabric made of combed two-ply yarns. Usually vat dyed, mercerized, and Sanforized. Used traditionally for army uniforms, chino is now finding popularity in fashion...

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