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What is "Shirt" - Definition & Explanation

A shirt is a sort of top, i.e. a piece of clothing for the trunk of the body.
In the UK, it refers almost exclusively to what Americans call a dress shirt, i.e. a garment with a collar and a full vertical opening with buttons. In the US is tends to have a vaguer meaning, being applied to many types of (mainly men's) tops, leaving the word "top" generally for ladieswear.

Some common types or synonyms of shirts and tops:
T-shirt
polo shirt — a shirt with collar but only a partial vertical opening with buttons
shirt or dress shirt — a shirt with collar and full vertical opening with buttons
tank top — a sleeveless T-shirt
wife beater — a tank top worn as an outer layer
blouse — ladies shirt — the term is also used for some men's military uniform shirts.
nightshirt — for sleeping
sweater, sweatshirt — with or without hood
rugby shirt — typically a rugged long-sleeved polo shirt
Hawaiian shirt — a colourful short-sleeve dress shirt
guayabera — an embroidered dress shirt with four pockets
golf shirt — a polo shirt
baseball shirt — usually distinguished by a three quarters sleeve
first shirt — the "shirt" is a nick-name for a First Sergeant

The shirt was worn as a man's undergarment, covering the body from neck to knee. Most were made of white linen which could be very fine or very coarse. A gentleman's best shirt may have ruffles (ruffs) at the wrist and/or breast. A laborer's shirt was sometimes made of unbleached linen or small patterned checks and stripes. A plain shirt might serve as a nightshirt.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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Headgear, headwear or headdress is the name given to any element of clothing which is worn on one's head. Common forms of headgear include hats, caps, bonnets, hoods, headscarves and helmets....
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A hard-finished, low lustered, medium-weight fabric in a twill-weave construction. It is most commonly found in men's worsted suitings; however, it can also be found in a plain-weave construction of...
A plate with an elecrtostatic charge is positioned behind the fabric and a stencil to attract powdered inks into the fabric. Suitable dyes must be in powdered form. This is an experimental textile...

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