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What is "Shirt" - Definition & Explanation

A shirt is a sort of top, i.e. a piece of clothing for the trunk of the body.
In the UK, it refers almost exclusively to what Americans call a dress shirt, i.e. a garment with a collar and a full vertical opening with buttons. In the US is tends to have a vaguer meaning, being applied to many types of (mainly men's) tops, leaving the word "top" generally for ladieswear.

Some common types or synonyms of shirts and tops:
T-shirt
polo shirt a shirt with collar but only a partial vertical opening with buttons
shirt or dress shirt a shirt with collar and full vertical opening with buttons
tank top a sleeveless T-shirt
wife beater a tank top worn as an outer layer
blouse ladies shirt the term is also used for some men's military uniform shirts.
nightshirt for sleeping
sweater, sweatshirt with or without hood
rugby shirt typically a rugged long-sleeved polo shirt
Hawaiian shirt a colourful short-sleeve dress shirt
guayabera an embroidered dress shirt with four pockets
golf shirt a polo shirt
baseball shirt usually distinguished by a three quarters sleeve
first shirt the "shirt" is a nick-name for a First Sergeant

The shirt was worn as a man's undergarment, covering the body from neck to knee. Most were made of white linen which could be very fine or very coarse. A gentleman's best shirt may have ruffles (ruffs) at the wrist and/or breast. A laborer's shirt was sometimes made of unbleached linen or small patterned checks and stripes. A plain shirt might serve as a nightshirt.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A method of folding finished fabric in which the fabric is first folded in half widthwise, then folded back and forth in equal lengths. Finally, the fold edge on each side is folded to the inside,...
(also known as polyolefin and polypropylene) - A manufactured fiber characterized by its light weight, high strength, and abrasion resistance. Olefin is also good at transporting moisture, creating a...
The property of material to deform (usually to elongate) in proportion to the load applied and to recover its original shape when the load is release, i.e. the property of a material by virtue of...
Fabric that has been processed by dyeing, printing, applying of special resins and finishes, and is ready for market. Finishing: The process of dyeing, printing, etc.. of greige goods....
A manufactured fiber, most often used in sweaters or pile fabrics, where little or no pressing is recommended, as the fiber has a low softening or melting point. However, it has also been...

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