TextileGlossary.com

What is "Shirt" - Definition & Explanation

A shirt is a sort of top, i.e. a piece of clothing for the trunk of the body.
In the UK, it refers almost exclusively to what Americans call a dress shirt, i.e. a garment with a collar and a full vertical opening with buttons. In the US is tends to have a vaguer meaning, being applied to many types of (mainly men's) tops, leaving the word "top" generally for ladieswear.

Some common types or synonyms of shirts and tops:
T-shirt
polo shirt a shirt with collar but only a partial vertical opening with buttons
shirt or dress shirt a shirt with collar and full vertical opening with buttons
tank top a sleeveless T-shirt
wife beater a tank top worn as an outer layer
blouse ladies shirt the term is also used for some men's military uniform shirts.
nightshirt for sleeping
sweater, sweatshirt with or without hood
rugby shirt typically a rugged long-sleeved polo shirt
Hawaiian shirt a colourful short-sleeve dress shirt
guayabera an embroidered dress shirt with four pockets
golf shirt a polo shirt
baseball shirt usually distinguished by a three quarters sleeve
first shirt the "shirt" is a nick-name for a First Sergeant

The shirt was worn as a man's undergarment, covering the body from neck to knee. Most were made of white linen which could be very fine or very coarse. A gentleman's best shirt may have ruffles (ruffs) at the wrist and/or breast. A laborer's shirt was sometimes made of unbleached linen or small patterned checks and stripes. A plain shirt might serve as a nightshirt.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A method of applying shellac finish by repetitive application of shellac, alcohol, oil and pumice. Labor intensive and found on only high-end furniture....
One of the plain weave variations, which is formed by using: 1) heavy yarns in the warp or filling direction, or 2) a substantially higher number of yarns per inch in one direction than in the other,...
A type of fiber variant that takes deep and brilliant colors. When mixed or blended with conventional fibers various multi-color and cross-dye effects are possible in a fabric from one dye bath or...
Chaps (pronounced 'shaps', and short for chaparajos) are sturdy leather coverings for the legs. They hang from one's belt, but unlike trousers they are not joined at the crotch. The most sturdy kind...
It is a long six-yard garment that Indian women drape around as an garment. It is one of the most popular wear amongst women all over in India and it is produced in different rich fabrics like silk,...

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