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What is "Shirt" - Definition & Explanation

A shirt is a sort of top, i.e. a piece of clothing for the trunk of the body.
In the UK, it refers almost exclusively to what Americans call a dress shirt, i.e. a garment with a collar and a full vertical opening with buttons. In the US is tends to have a vaguer meaning, being applied to many types of (mainly men's) tops, leaving the word "top" generally for ladieswear.

Some common types or synonyms of shirts and tops:
T-shirt
polo shirt a shirt with collar but only a partial vertical opening with buttons
shirt or dress shirt a shirt with collar and full vertical opening with buttons
tank top a sleeveless T-shirt
wife beater a tank top worn as an outer layer
blouse ladies shirt the term is also used for some men's military uniform shirts.
nightshirt for sleeping
sweater, sweatshirt with or without hood
rugby shirt typically a rugged long-sleeved polo shirt
Hawaiian shirt a colourful short-sleeve dress shirt
guayabera an embroidered dress shirt with four pockets
golf shirt a polo shirt
baseball shirt usually distinguished by a three quarters sleeve
first shirt the "shirt" is a nick-name for a First Sergeant

The shirt was worn as a man's undergarment, covering the body from neck to knee. Most were made of white linen which could be very fine or very coarse. A gentleman's best shirt may have ruffles (ruffs) at the wrist and/or breast. A laborer's shirt was sometimes made of unbleached linen or small patterned checks and stripes. A plain shirt might serve as a nightshirt.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

a) An edging or border of loose threads, tassels or loops. NOTE: The edging or border may be produced by the constituent threads or by threads added to a fabric after weaving or knitting. b) A...
A hat is an item of clothing which is worn on the head a kind of headgear. Hats often have a brim, and may be either placed on the head, or in the case of some women's hats, secured with hat-pins...
A linen that is very rugged and substantial in feel. Comes in white or natural shades or could be dyed, printed, striped, or checked. The yarn is strong, irregular in diameter but smooth. Has a...
A finishing process in which a substance - like rubber, resin or synthetic compounds - covers the fabric on one or both sides. Polyurethane is a common coating for outerwear. Coating typically aids...
A hand method of dyeing that involves gathering small portions of the fabric and tying them tightly before dyeing. The tied areas resist penetration of the dye, resulting in irregular patterns. Also...

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