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What is "Shrinkage" - Definition & Explanation

The reduction in a dimension of a fibre, yarn or fabric.

NOTE:

Shrinkage may be induced by various treatments, e.g. wetting, steaming, alkali treatment, laundering, dry heat.

The weight raw wool loses when scoured, expressed as a percentage of the original weight.
The contraction of a fiber, yarn or fabric after washing and drying. All products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4%-8%.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Needlepoint is a form of canvas work created on a mesh canvas. The stitching threads used may be wool, silk, or rarely cotton. Stitches may be plain, covering just one mesh intersection with a single...
Leather that has an opaque color coat and clear top coat. Defects are removed during the tanning process. Finished leather has been buffed and embossed during manufacture to make the hide more...
A fine, firmly knit fabric made from cotton and sometimes rayon and nylon in a knitted, double knit construction. It has a very short soft nap and wears well. Nylon chamoisette is more often called...
A tightly woven plain weave ribbed fabric with a hard slightly lustered surface. The ribbed effect is created by weaving a finer silk or manufactured warp yarn with a heavier filler yarn, usually...
A heavy conventional twill-weave coating with a spongy napped surface that is rolled into little tufts or nubs to resemble chinchilla fur. Usually made from woold or wool cotton blends in coating...

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