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What is "Shrinkage" - Definition & Explanation

The reduction in a dimension of a fibre, yarn or fabric.

NOTE:

Shrinkage may be induced by various treatments, e.g. wetting, steaming, alkali treatment, laundering, dry heat.

The weight raw wool loses when scoured, expressed as a percentage of the original weight.
The contraction of a fiber, yarn or fabric after washing and drying. All products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4%-8%.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The amount, expressed as a percentage by mass, or linear polymer that is generally present in a crystalline form, the remainder of the polymer being present in an amorphous state. NOTE: There are...
Heavy metal free refers to dyes that do not require the use of heavy metals to achieve the fixation of colors. Toxic heavy metals, such as chrome, copper and zinc, which are all known carcinogens,...
A yarn with two different staple or filament components: A plied yarn constructed of two different singles yarns. A core-spun or other wrapped yarn. A filament yarn combining two types of...
The resulting opening of the weave when fabric lacks the tensile strength to prevent shifting at the seams. When you apply force, the yarns in the fabric slip to open up the weave, but not the seam...
The UPF rating indicates how effective a fabric is at blocking out solar ultraviolet radiation from reaching the skin. UPF ratings range from 15 to 50 with higher ratings indicating more effective...

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