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What is "Shrinkage" - Definition & Explanation

The reduction in a dimension of a fibre, yarn or fabric.

NOTE:

Shrinkage may be induced by various treatments, e.g. wetting, steaming, alkali treatment, laundering, dry heat.

The weight raw wool loses when scoured, expressed as a percentage of the original weight.
The contraction of a fiber, yarn or fabric after washing and drying. All products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4%-8%.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A sturdy warp-faced fabric with pronounced crosswise ribs formed by bulky, coarse, plied yarns or rubber thread. Filling is not discernible on back or face of goods. Originating in Bengal, India it...
Manufactured, continuous filament fibers that have a center void, which has been created through the introduction of air or other gas in the polymer solution, or by melt spinning through specially...
Dyes for cotton and other cellulosic fibres that actually react to form covalent bonds with cotton to produce a new chemical (e.g. Red cotton). They require large amounts of chemicals (salt and...
An extra piece of material is draped over the bustline. Drill Cotton twill. Left-hand twill. It has closer, flatter wales that ganardine. Medium weight and course yarns are used. Also made in some...
A carbohydrate which is the chief component of the cell walls of plants. Cellulose is found in wood and in cotton, linen, jute, hemp, and all of the bast, leaf, and stem fibers. It is a basic raw...

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