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What is "Shrinkage" - Definition & Explanation

The reduction in a dimension of a fibre, yarn or fabric.

NOTE:

Shrinkage may be induced by various treatments, e.g. wetting, steaming, alkali treatment, laundering, dry heat.

The weight raw wool loses when scoured, expressed as a percentage of the original weight.
The contraction of a fiber, yarn or fabric after washing and drying. All products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4%-8%.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A type of finish applied to a textile fabric and that prevents the spreading of globules of water over its surface. NOTE: The term is normally not applied to a water-repellent finish that is...
A fabric with a single filling yarn woven over and under 2 smaller warp yarns. Commonly found in cotton shirtings but oxfords are produced in a wide variety of fibers and weights for many uses,...
Term used to describe a fabric used in outerwear, which allows for a minimum pack volume and weight. Lightweight packable garments offer the most versatile weather protection. Some of these fabrics...
A lightweight plain weave cotton fabric with a striped, plaid, or checked pattern. A true madras will bleed when washed. This type of fabric is usually imported from India. End-uses are men's and...
A chemical reagent capable of bleaching, e.g. oxidising agents such as sodium or calcium hypochlorite, sodium chlorite, permanganates, hydrogen peroxide, and reducing agents such as sulphur dioxide...

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