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What is "Shrinkage" - Definition & Explanation

The reduction in a dimension of a fibre, yarn or fabric.

NOTE:

Shrinkage may be induced by various treatments, e.g. wetting, steaming, alkali treatment, laundering, dry heat.

The weight raw wool loses when scoured, expressed as a percentage of the original weight.
The contraction of a fiber, yarn or fabric after washing and drying. All products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4%-8%.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Two basic methods of weaving upholstered fabrics. Each needs different equipment. a. Flat Weave Tweeds. Matelasse and Tapestries b. Pile Weave Velvets Yarns: In order to weave a fabric, the fiber or...
A batchwise dyeing process used for dyeing pile fabrics or those with very high elastane content. Fabrics are rolled onto perforated beams like giant toilet rolls and dye liquor is forced through....
A dyeing machine in which fabric, in open width, is transferred repeatedly from one roller to another and passes each time through a dyebath of relatively small volume. NOTE: Jigs are also...
a) Fabric A fabric made in satin weave. b) Weave A warp-faced weave in which the binding places are arranged with a view to producing a smooth fabric surface, free from twill. NOTE: To prevent...
Lengths of fabric, several plies high, which have been spread on a cutting table ready for cutting. The fabric is subsequently cut in accordance with a cutting plan which is usually designed to...

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