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What is "Sponging" - Definition & Explanation

A pre-shrinkage process which involves the dampening with a sponge to woolen and worsted fabrics. The process is accomplished by rolling in moist muslin, or by steaming. This procedure is performed at the fabric mill prior to cutting to insure against a contraction of the material in the garment.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Said of a cloth which has irregular stripes or streaks of practically the same color in the background. Each yarn in the motif is dyed a solid color. runs in the warp direction of the goods, and...
Heavy metal free refers to dyes that do not require the use of heavy metals to achieve the fixation of colors. Toxic heavy metals, such as chrome, copper and zinc, which are all known carcinogens,...
A light weight, lustrous twill weave constructed fabric with a silk-like hand. Surah is the fabric of ties, dresses, and furnishings. It is available in silk, polyester, and rayon. A silk, rayon, or...
The capacity of cellulosics to resist creasing. These fabrics can be impregnated with a monomer or precondensate which is polmerised to a thermo-set resin. This process confers increased recovery on...
A popular staple lightweight sport coating tweed with a rough napped surface. Named for the Cheviot sheep from the Cheviot Hills of Scotland. Fabric is rugged, rather than harsh in hand, with...

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