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What is "Sponging" - Definition & Explanation

A pre-shrinkage process which involves the dampening with a sponge to woolen and worsted fabrics. The process is accomplished by rolling in moist muslin, or by steaming. This procedure is performed at the fabric mill prior to cutting to insure against a contraction of the material in the garment.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Fixing is the term described for the various ways of getting dyes stuck onto or into fibres. Fixing is part of the dyeing process and differs from after-fixing which is generally used to describe a...
Retting is a stage in the manufacturing of vegetable fibers. It is the process of submerging plant leaves such as flax or hemp in water, and soaking them for a period of time to separate the fibers...
Some resin treatments or finishes given cotton, rayon, nylon or blended fabrics, may cause goods to retain varying amounts of chlorine when laundered or bleached with chlorine. his can cause...
Vegetable tanning refers to the use of natural tannins to create usable leather from hides. Natural tannins are present in bark, wood, leaves and fruits of chestnut, oak and hemlock trees. This...
Any single filament, generally a coarser manufactured fiber. Monofilaments are generally spun individually, rather than being extruded through the spinneret in groups of filaments. Cross-sections may...

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