TextileGlossary.com

What is "Sponging" - Definition & Explanation

A pre-shrinkage process which involves the dampening with a sponge to woolen and worsted fabrics. The process is accomplished by rolling in moist muslin, or by steaming. This procedure is performed at the fabric mill prior to cutting to insure against a contraction of the material in the garment.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A woven fabric construction made by interlacing two or more sets of warp yarns with two or more sets of filling yarns. The most common double weave fabrics are made using a total of either four or...
Hue refers to the wavelength of the color and is completely separate from the intensity or saturation of the color. For example a red hue can look brown at a very low saturation level and pink at a...
A short, lightweight, cotton-like, vegetable fiber found in the seed pods of the Bombocaceae tree. Because of its brittle quality, it is generally not spun. However, its buoyancy and moisture...
Crinkle effect is either a wet or dry finish depending on the fiber content of the fabric. On cotton, a crinkle effect can be achieved through the use of sodium hydroxide. On synthetics a crinkle...
A cap is a form of headgear. Caps are generally soft, and often have no brim, or just a peak (like on a baseball cap). For many centuries women wore a wide variety of head-coverings which were...

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