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What is "Stitch" - Definition & Explanation

A stitch is a single turn or loop of the thread or yarn in sewing, knitting, and embroidery.
A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Top) - A second row of stitching close to the edge of a seam, after two or more pieces of fabric have been sewed together and turned to bury the raw seam margin side.
(Baste) - A stitching which holds the fabric in place until permanent stitching has been completed.
(Contrasting) - When the stitching thread contrasts the garment color.
(Blind) - A stich that is not visible on one side of the fabric.
(Zig-zag) - A stitch made on a sewing machine in which the needle bar comes down alternately on the right and left side of an imaginary center line. Also refers to the type of machine producing this stitch.
(safety) - A combination chain-stitch and overedge stitch made simultaneously on the same sewing machine.
(hand/class 200) - A stitch formed by hand with one or more needles---one thread per needle passing in and out of the material.
(Lock/class 300) - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interface each other. The loops of needle threads are passed through the material where they are secured by bobbin threads.
(Dbl. lock/class 400 - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Flat seam/class 600) - Multi-needle stitches that provide the elasticity necessary for knits.
(overedge/class 500) - A stitch formed with one or more groups of threads at least one of which passes around the edge of the material.
(Chain/Class 100) - A stitch formed with one or more needle threads, the look=ps of which are passed through the material and through the loops of the preceding threads.
(Backstitch) - Used at the beginning and end of stitching to reinforce and prevent raveling. Also called backtack or stay-stitch.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as...
Intarsia is a knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colours. As with the woodworking technique of the same name, fields of different colours and materials appear to be inlaid in...
A fabric coated with vulcanised rubber which is wrapped around the bead section of a tyre before vulcanisation of the complete tyre. Its purpose is to maintain an abrasion-resistant layer of rubber...
The ability of a cloth to hold or pleat or a crease, which has been intentionally created, through the use of a heat treatment. Heat setting of thermoplastic fibers causes creases to be permanently...
A plain-weave, stiff fabric with thick-and-thin yarns in both the warp and the filling. The fabric was originally made of linen but is now duplicated in 100% polyester or a variety of blends such as...

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