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What is "Stitch" - Definition & Explanation

A stitch is a single turn or loop of the thread or yarn in sewing, knitting, and embroidery.
A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Top) - A second row of stitching close to the edge of a seam, after two or more pieces of fabric have been sewed together and turned to bury the raw seam margin side.
(Baste) - A stitching which holds the fabric in place until permanent stitching has been completed.
(Contrasting) - When the stitching thread contrasts the garment color.
(Blind) - A stich that is not visible on one side of the fabric.
(Zig-zag) - A stitch made on a sewing machine in which the needle bar comes down alternately on the right and left side of an imaginary center line. Also refers to the type of machine producing this stitch.
(safety) - A combination chain-stitch and overedge stitch made simultaneously on the same sewing machine.
(hand/class 200) - A stitch formed by hand with one or more needles---one thread per needle passing in and out of the material.
(Lock/class 300) - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interface each other. The loops of needle threads are passed through the material where they are secured by bobbin threads.
(Dbl. lock/class 400 - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Flat seam/class 600) - Multi-needle stitches that provide the elasticity necessary for knits.
(overedge/class 500) - A stitch formed with one or more groups of threads at least one of which passes around the edge of the material.
(Chain/Class 100) - A stitch formed with one or more needle threads, the look=ps of which are passed through the material and through the loops of the preceding threads.
(Backstitch) - Used at the beginning and end of stitching to reinforce and prevent raveling. Also called backtack or stay-stitch.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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A pile fabric with a clipped nap. Before clipping, the nap is a loop as found in frieze or boucle. Velvet was introduced during the Renaissance in Italy and Spain and later moved to France. Designs...
A band (q.v.) that runs with clearly defined edges and that differs in appearance from the adjacent normal fabric. (It may be shady and may or may not run parallel with the picks). Bar is a general...
A twilled woolen fabric with a tartan pattern; a fabric with a pattern of tartan or an imitation of tartan. A rectangular length of tartan worn over the left shoulder as part of the Scottish national...
A finishing process to produce a pattern on a fabric by passing it through a calender in which a heated metal bowl engraved with the pattern works against a relatively soft bowl built up of...

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