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What is "Taffeta" - Definition & Explanation

Fabric that is usually made from silk in a plain weave and is useful for draperies.
A closely woven, plain-weave fabric with a crisp handle and a smooth surface.
A lustrous, medium weight, plain weave fabric with a slight ribbed appearance in the filling (crosswise) direction, and usually with a sheen on its surface. For formal wear, taffeta is a favorite choice. It provides a crisp hand, with lots of body. Silk taffeta gives the ultimate rustle, but other fibers are also good choices.
(Faille) - Made with a crosswise rib weave and has a distinct rib effect and is usually quite heavy and firm.
Taffeta is a type of fabric, often used for fancy dresses.
(Shot) - Usually plain weave in one color in the warp and another color in the filling, which gives the fabric an iridescent look. This color changes as the fabric is moved in the light. Shot taffeta is the silk version of chambray.
(Pompadour) - Originally executed in silk and often has large floral designs in velvet or pile on a Taffeta ground. Occasionally stripes are used instead of flowers. Today it is made with manufactured fibers.
(Tissue) - Plain weave, very light weight and transparent.
(Paper) - Plain weave, very light in weight and treated to give a crisp, paper-like finish.
(Warp-print) - Usually a plain weave, the warp yarns are printed before the filling is inserted. The fabric has a very fuzzy design when design is distorted as fabric is woven.
A lustrous, medium-weight, plain-weave fabric with a slight ribbed appearance in the filling (crosswise) direction made from silk, rayon or synthetics. For formal wear, taffeta is a favorite choice. It provides a crisp hand, with lots of body. Silk taffeta gives the ultimate rustle, but other fibers are also good choices. It is a cloth supposed to have originated in Iran (Persia) and was called 'taftah', meaning a fine silk fabric. In the 16th century, it became a luxury for women's wear. It is made in plain colors, fancy prints, watered designs, and changeable effects. It is smooth with a sheen on its surface. The textures vary considerably. They have a crispness and stiffness. Taffeta in silk will not wear as long as other high quality silks, since weighting is given the fabric to make it stiff. If it is overweighted, the goods will split or crack.
A fine, plain tabby weave fabric. usually with a sheen on its surface.
A plain filament fabric very closely woven.
A Plain Weave, Tightly Woven Smooth Crisp Fabric With A Characteristic Rustle. Made From Silk Or Man-made Filament Yarns.
A group of fabrics made with a plain weave and having a smooth, crisp feel, and either lustrous or dull face.
A lustrous, medium-weight, plain-weave fabric with a slight ribbed appearance in the filling (crosswise) direction. For formal wear, taffeta is a favorite choice. It provides a crisp hand, with lots of body. Silk taffeta gives the ultimate rustle, but other fibers are also good choices.
A lustrous plain weave fabric with a smooth feel and slightly ribbed appearance.
A fine plain weave fabric; smooth on both sides, usually with a sheen on its surface.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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A pre-shrinkage process which involves the dampening with a sponge to woolen and worsted fabrics. The process is accomplished by rolling in moist muslin, or by steaming. This procedure is performed...
Biowash is a wet, permanent finish that is usually done before dyeing. It is also referred to as bio-polishing, and is done only to cellulosic fabrics. During this process, enzymes are applied to the...
Tablet weaving is a process of weaving where tablets, also called 'cards', are used to create the shed that the weft is passed through. It is generally used to make narrow work such as belts or...
A yarn that has been so processed as to introduce durable crimps (q.v.), coils, loops or other fine distortions along the length of the fibres or filaments. NOTE: a) The main texturing processes...

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