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What is "Tartan" - Definition & Explanation

Multicolored plaids originally made for Scottish clan kilts.
This is a woolen or worsted cloth woven as 2/2 twill in elaborate check designs.
Refers to the kinds of plaid patterns traditionally worn by Scottish highlanders. Each design was associated with a specific family or 'clan'. The term is generally used to today in reference to any plaid design similar to these Scottish designs.
A fabric, originally a woollen 2/2 twill worn by Scottish Highlanders, woven in checks of various colours.
A tartan is a specific woven pattern that often signifies a particular Scottish clan in the modern era. The pattern is made with alternating bands of coloured (pre-dyed) threads woven as both warp and weft at right angles to each other. The resulting blocks of colour repeat vertically and horizontally in a distinctive pattern of squares and lines known as a "sett". Kilts almost always have tartans.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A treatment of cotton yarn or fabric to increase its luster. Its affinity for dyes is also enhanced. In the process, the material is immersed under tension in a sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)...
A finishing process that brings the fabric in contact with sandpaper or another abrasive material. This may be done to raise surface fiber, impart a peached or sueded hand or to create a surface...
Fabrics and apparel with stretch and recovery in both warp and filling directions. Popular in ski-clothes, pants, active sportswear, and other body fitting apparel where free body movement is desired...
This type of satin-finish material is usually made of nylon. According to one manufacturer, satin nylon is probably the most common satin fabric used in our industry. There are two types of satin...
A lightweight, wind resistant, and water resistant plain weave fabric. Large rib yarns stop tears without adding excess weight to active sportswear apparel and outdoor equipment such as sleeping bags...

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