TextileGlossary.com

What is "Textured Yarn" - Definition & Explanation

A continuous filament yarn that has been processed to introduce durable crimps, coils, loops or other fine distortions along the lengths of the filaments.
A yarn that has been so processed as to introduce durable crimps (q.v.), coils, loops or other fine distortions along the length of the fibres or filaments. NOTE:
a) The main texturing processes usually applied to continuous-filament yarns made from or containing thermoplastic fibres, are as follows:
1. The yarn is highly twisted, heat-set and untwisted, either as a continuous process (false twisting) or as a three-stage process.
2. The yarn is passed through a heated "stuffer box" (stuffer box crimping).
3. The heated yarn is passed over a knife edge (edge crimping).
4. The heated yarn is passed between a pair of geared wheels or some similar device (gear crimping).
5. The yarn is knitted into a fabric, heat-set and unravelled (knit-deknit). 6. Loops are formed in individual filaments by over-feeding into a turbulent airstream (air-textured).
7. Bicomponent Fibres (q.v.) are differentially shrunk.
b) Processes (1) and (3) above produce yarns of a generally high stretch character. This stretch character is frequently reduced by reheating the yarn in a state where it is only partly relaxed from the fully extended condition, thus producing a yarn with the bulkiness little reduced but with a much reduced retractive power.
c) Fabrics that contain textured yarns have increased bulk, opacity, and moisture absorbency and improved thermal insulation properties with a warmer handle (q.v.); some textured yarns also confer extensible or "stretch" properties on fabrics made from them.
a general classification for continuous filament man - made fibre yarn which have been treated to give them hand and appearance which is different from the untreated yarn and / or stretchy. These yarns in some cases exhibit spun yarn effect. The yarns may be crimped ,curled, coiled, distorted through air jet process or given a false twist and then be heat set.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A finishing process in which the fibers on the surface of the fabric are mechanically trimmed to create an even nap. Often follows brushing of the fabric. Done on fleeces, moleskins, pile fabrics,...
These are the most commonly seen types of hosiery:Control Top Pantyhose: provides shaping support in the panty section. Fishnet Hose: Generally, a loosely woven diamond pattern that can either be...
Dry spinning uses a solvent that evaporates in air. The dissolved polymer is extruded through the spinnerette into a chamber of heated air or gas, the solvent evaporates, and the fibre forms. The...
A rayon that is spun to look like cotton or wool. It is made with staple fibers in a continuous strand to give this effect. It wears well and is washable. Made in different weights and comes in plain...
This term can refer to either 'seamless knitting' (See Seamless Knitting), or 'welding/bonding technology', which uses a bonding agent to attach two pieces of fabric together, and eliminates the need...

Companies for Textured Yarn:


If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Textured Yarn, please fill your company details below so that we can list our company for FREE!

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2019 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap