TextileGlossary.com

What is "Twist" - Definition & Explanation

A term that applies to the number of turns and the direction that two yarns are turned during the manufacturing process. The yarn twist brings the fibers close together and makes them compact. It helps the fibers adhere to one another, increasing yarn strength. The direction and amount of yarn twist helps determine appearance, performance, durability of both yarns and the subsequent fabric or textile product. Single yarns may be twisted to the right (S twist) or to the left (Z twist). Generally, woolen and worsted yarns are S-twist, while cotton and flax yarns are typically Z-twist. Twist is generally expressed as turns per inch (tpi), turns per meter (tpm), or turns per centimeter (tpc).
The number of turns about its axis per unit of length of a yarn or other textile strand.
The winding of yarn around itself. More twist improves carpet performance, especially in a cut pile carpet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric produced by interlocking loops in a lengthwise direction. Warp knits tend to be flatter, smoother, more run resistant, and more stable than weft knits. Examples are tricot, raschel and...
Acitate A man-made fiber with a luxurious feeling, which dyes in brilliant colors and is economical. Bui if offers low resistance to wear and only fair resistance to sunlight. When blended with other...
Fabrics that have been coated with some substance to make them longer lasting, or impervious to water or other liquids. The uses are numerous and coating substances or materials include oil,...
Special cloth or rubber, studded with wire teeth, which serve to open up the cotton FIBERS, clean them of impurities, and align them in parallel order. The material is affixed to the various working...
Also referred to as CRF. Finishes used on fabrics that make them resistant to wrinkling and creasing, such as synthetic resin type finishes like durable press. Today some fabrics are made highly...

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