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What is "Twist" - Definition & Explanation

A term that applies to the number of turns and the direction that two yarns are turned during the manufacturing process. The yarn twist brings the fibers close together and makes them compact. It helps the fibers adhere to one another, increasing yarn strength. The direction and amount of yarn twist helps determine appearance, performance, durability of both yarns and the subsequent fabric or textile product. Single yarns may be twisted to the right (S twist) or to the left (Z twist). Generally, woolen and worsted yarns are S-twist, while cotton and flax yarns are typically Z-twist. Twist is generally expressed as turns per inch (tpi), turns per meter (tpm), or turns per centimeter (tpc).
The number of turns about its axis per unit of length of a yarn or other textile strand.
The winding of yarn around itself. More twist improves carpet performance, especially in a cut pile carpet.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A float weave made in many fabrics. The name comes from a French word meaning birds nest. Its patterns are regular and open. Honey comb fabric is also known as Diamond Weave. It is found in...
A robe is a loose-fitting outer garment of various types, including: * A gown worn as part of the academic dress of faculty or students, especially for ceremonial occasions, such as a convocations or...
Heavily fulled twill wool cotton that resembles the animal of that name. Has softer body and longer nap than kersey and melton. If term is used, it must be referred to as imitation beaver cloth to...
A warp knit fabric in which the fabric is formed by interlooping adjacent parallel yarns. The warp beam holds thousands of yards of yarns in a parallel arrangement, and these yarns are fed into the...
cotton, linen, nylon. Plain weave, some made with a crosswise rib. A strong canvas or duck. The weights vary, but most often the count is around 148 x 60. Able to withstand the elements (rain, wind...

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