What is "Velvet" - Definition & Explanation
A short-pile fabric
It is a warp pile fabric similar to terry but has short cut piles.
There are two types of velvets. The hand woven velvet and the automatically woven velvet. The machine made velvet is a double-faced fabric. It weaves two fabrics, face to face, joined by the weft yarns. These yarns are then cut automatically which forms the pile on both faces.
Velvet is a fabric that has a thick short pile on the surface causing a nap or directional quality. Velvet can be plain, striped or of a pattern and made of cotton, linen, mohair, synthetic fibers or silk. The finer quality may be used for draperies and the heavier goods are used for upholstery.
A cut warp-pile fabric in which the cut fibrous ends of yarn form the surface of the fabric.
A medium weight short cut-pile constructed fabric in which the cut pile stands up very straight in a succession of rows that stand so close together as to give an even, uniform surface. It is woven using two sets of warp yarns; the extra set creates the pile. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and a smooth, soft hand.
(Lyons) - A stiff, thick pile velvet. Used for hats, coat collars, also for suits, coats and dresses, when thick velvets are fashionable.
(Utrecht) - Originated in Utrecht, Holland where it was made of silk. It was pressed and crimped to produce a raised effect. Today both mohair and silk are used.
A medium-weight, cut-pile constructed fabric of silk, rayon, cotton or sythetics in which the cut pile stands up very straight. It is woven using two sets of warp yarns; the extra set creates the pile. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and smooth hand. Mostly made with a plain back but some with a twill. Some are made with a silk pile and a rayon or cotton back. The name comes from the Latin 'vellus', meaning a fleece or tufted hair and it comes in many types, qualities, and weights. Good velvet wears fairly well and is inexpensive. The cheaper cloths give little service and look well only a few times before beginning to deteriorate. Better velvet may be crush resistant, water resistant, and drapes well but it has to be handled with care, and pressed on a velvet board. Cut all one way. For the maximum amount of depth in the color, cut it with the pile running up. It also wears better when cut this way. Velvet should be cut with very simple lines in the garment, so not to destroy the beauty of the fabric. It has the tendency to add weight to the figure.
(Nacre) - The back is of one color and the pile of another, so that it gives a changeable, pearly appearance.
(Panne) - Has a longer or higher pile than velvet, but shorter than plush. It is pressed flat and has a high luster made possible by a tremendous roller-press treatment given the material in finishing. Now often made as knit fabric.
(Faconne) - Patterned velvet made by burnt-out print process. The design is of velvet with background plain.
(Chiffon Velvet or Transparent Velvet) - Lightweight, very soft, draping velvet made with a silk or rayon back and a rayon pile.
A medium weight cut-pile constructed fabric in which the cut pile stands up very straight. It is woven using two sets of warp yarns; the extra set creates the pile. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and smooth hand.
(Cisele) - A velvet with a pattern formed by contrast in cut and uncut loops.
Velvet is a type of tufted fabric in which the cut threads are very evenly distributed, with a short dense pile, giving it its distinct feel. Velvet can be made from any fiber. It is woven on a special loom that weaves two piece of velvet at the same time. The two pieces are then cut apart and the two lengths of fabric are wound on separate take-up rolls.
A woven fabric with a thick, dense cut pile, a soft texture and a rich appearance. May be made by 2 different methods: a) 2 layers of fabric with connecting threads are cut apart or b) warp threads are lifted over wires during weaving forming loops, and the loops are cut when the wires are withdrawn. Velvet may be plain, or the pile may be flattened, embossed, crushed, or sculptured. Originally made of silk but now also made of nylon, rayon, acrylic, and other fibers. Used for dresses, evening wear, drapery, upholstery.
A pile fabric with a clipped nap. Before clipping, the nap is a loop as found in frieze or boucle. Velvet was introduced during the Renaissance in Italy and Spain and later moved to France. Designs can be woven into it. They can aiso be made by cutting velvet nap into different lengths or by cutting different lengths over a pattern.
Cut pile fabric of silk or man-made fibre.
Velvet is a textile woven on a special loom. It is a tufted fabric in which the cut threads are very evenly distributed, giving it its distinct feel. Velvet can be made from any fiber.
Some more terms: Crushed
A finish that creates a planned irregular disturbance on the surface of the fabric, usually by mechanical...
A weave that has a random distribution of floats that produces an all-over pebbled effect, so disguising the weave...
Short fibers, typically ranging from 1/2 inch up to 18 inches long. Wool, cotton, and flax exist only as staple fibers. Manufactured staple fibers are cut to a specific length from the continuous...
Sleeves are all one piece from collar to cuff, allowing for ease of...
Yarns created from various petrochemical technologies. Includes nylon, polyester, Dacron, orlon, lycra and the like. Used in the manufacture of menís undergarments in the second half of the 20th....
Companies for Velvet:
If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Velvet