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What is "Weft" - Definition & Explanation

Often referred to as "filling", it is the yarn that traverses the warp yarns (horizontally) during the weaving operation.
Yarns which run across the width of a fabric (also known as filling).
The horizontal (crosswise) threads that intersect the warp (lengthwise) threads in a woven fabric.
The weft is the yarn that is woven back and forth through the warp to make cloth.
Knit - A type of knitted fabric in which yarns are formed into stitches in widthwise manner. Common examples of weft knits are circular knits and flat knits.
Knit - The most common type of knit formed by interlocking loops in the widthwise direction. Weft knit tend to have more stretch than warp knits. Examples are interlock, jerseys, double knits, rib knits.
In woven fabric, the filling yarns that run perpendicular to the warp yarns.
a) Width-way threads as woven in a fabric.
b) Yarn intended for use as in (a) above.
In weaving, the horizontal threads interlaced through the warp. Also called woof.
Yarns that run perpendicular to the selvages. Also called crosswise grain. A weft knit is made with the yarns running horizontally across the fabric.
The crosswise threads of any woven fabric.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Broad term for wide-width woolen over coating fabric with soft hand and well napped finish. Also refers to a fabric, used in sampling, that shows a series of filling patters or colors, all on the...
a) Descriptive of textile materials the normal lustre (q.v.) of which has been reduced by physical or chemical means. b) The colour quality, an increase in which may be compared with the effect of...
a) Knitting A term in general use in the knitting industry, and applied to mechanisms for selection of knitting elements. b) Weaving A shedding (q.v.) mechanism (attached to the loom) that...
Azo-free colorants are dyes and pigments that are free of the nitrogen-based compounds aromatic amines, also referred to as "Azos". These compounds are toxic and banned in the EU due to their...
Woven and non-woven material used underneath the item or fabric being embroidered to provide support and stability. Can be hooped with the item, or placed between the machine throat plate and the...

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