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What is "Acrylic" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 31-Mar-2023 (1 year, 17 days ago)
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From Art to Attire: Unveiling the Intriguing World of Acrylic Fibers


In the realm of textile fibers, acrylic stands out as a remarkable material that has revolutionized the fashion and textile industry. Its versatility, durability, and wide array of applications have made it a popular choice among designers and manufacturers alike. This article delves into the meaning, history, types, and tips in handling acrylic fibers, while also providing insights into the top international users and manufacturers driving innovation in this domain.

The Origin and History of Acrylic

The journey of acrylic fibers can be traced back to the mid-20th century when scientists sought to develop a synthetic alternative to wool. In 1941, a team of researchers at DuPont successfully created the first acrylic fiber, which they named "Orlon." This breakthrough marked the birth of a new era in textile innovation, as acrylic quickly gained popularity due to its wool-like appearance, softness, and lightweight nature. Over time, advancements in technology and production processes have led to the development of various types of acrylic fibers, each with its unique characteristics.

Types of Acrylic Fibers

Acrylic fibers come in different variations, each tailored to specific applications:

  1. Standard Acrylic: Standard acrylic fibers offer a balance of softness, warmth, and durability. They are commonly used in knitted garments, blankets, and upholstery fabrics, providing excellent insulation and color retention.
  2. Modacrylic: Modacrylic fibers are a modified version of acrylic, known for their flame-resistant properties. They find extensive use in protective clothing, such as flame-resistant workwear and firefighting gear.
  3. Absorbent Acrylic: Absorbent acrylic fibers are engineered with a porous structure, allowing them to absorb and wick away moisture. These fibers are utilized in applications such as athletic wear, towels, and baby diapers.
  4. Anti-Pilling Acrylic: Anti-pilling acrylic fibers are treated to resist the formation of pills, ensuring that garments maintain their smooth appearance even after repeated wear and washing.

Tips for Handling Acrylic Fibers

To maximize the longevity and quality of acrylic fiber-based products, it is essential to consider proper handling techniques:

  • Gentle Washing: Acrylic fibers are best cared for through gentle machine or hand washing using mild detergent.
  • Avoiding Heat: Acrylic fibers have a low melting point, so it is crucial to avoid high heat during washing, drying, or ironing to prevent damage.
  • Storage: When not in use, acrylic garments should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent color fading or distortion.
  • Combating Static: To minimize static electricity, using anti-static sprays or fabric softeners can be helpful.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Acrylic fibers have gained global recognition, and several renowned brands have embraced their versatile nature. Here are some prominent international users and manufacturers of acrylic fibers:

  1. Evans Manufacturing Company: Evans Manufacturing Company is a leading player in the acrylic fiber market, specializing in the production of high-quality acrylic fibers for various applications, including apparel, home textiles, and industrial materials.
  2. Exlan Japan Co., Ltd.: Exlan Japan is a Japanese manufacturer known for its innovative acrylic fibers. They offer a diverse range of acrylic products, meeting the demands of industries such as fashion, automotive, and outdoor gear.
  3. Toray Industries: Toray Industries, a multinational corporation, produces a wide range of fibers, including acrylic fibers. Their acrylic products are renowned for their softness, vibrant colors, and excellent moisture-wicking properties.
  4. Formosa Chemicals & Fibre Corporation: Formosa Chemicals & Fibre Corporation is a Taiwanese company that produces high-quality acrylic fibers under the brand name "ACRYLON." Their fibers find applications in textiles, upholstery, and carpets.

Conclusion

Acrylic fibers have transcended the boundaries of the fashion and textile industry, offering designers and manufacturers endless possibilities. With its rich history, diverse types, and practical handling tips, acrylic continues to be a go-to choice for creating comfortable, durable, and visually appealing garments and textiles. As international users and manufacturers push the boundaries of acrylic fiber innovation, we can expect even more exciting developments and applications in the future.


Acrylic
Synthetic fiber made from polymers composed of at least 85% by weight of acrylonitrile units. Acrylic is lightweight, soft, and warm, with a wool-like feel. It has good cleanability characteristics and takes vivid color well. Acrylic is normally used to create velvet, plush looks.
Acrylic
Acrylic is a generic name for synthetic fibers derived from 85% polyacrylonitrile. Used for base layers or insulating fabrics. Properties include a soft, wooly hand, wash-and-wear performance, colorfastness and wrinkle resistance. Acrylic is used in socks and in blends with cotton for fleece apparel.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A Lightweight , Sheer, Plain Weave Fabric With A Dull Surface, A Soft Hand , And Good Drape. It Is Made With Fine High Twisted Yarns And Has An Even Or Close To Even Number Of Threads Per Inch In The...
Fringe 120
a) An edging or border of loose threads, tassels or loops. NOTE: The edging or border may be produced by the constituent threads or by threads added to a fabric after weaving or knitting. b) A...
Dull 65
a) Descriptive of textile materials the normal lustre (q.v.) of which has been reduced by physical or chemical means. b) The colour quality, an increase in which may be compared with the effect of...
Cloak 76
The cloak has been the most enduring of outer garments throughout the history of fashion. In the 18th century a man's cloak was made with a collar at the neck, a cape over the shoulders, and hung to...
a) Knitting A term in general use in the knitting industry, and applied to mechanisms for selection of knitting elements. b) Weaving A shedding (q.v.) mechanism (attached to the loom) that...

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