TextileGlossary.com

What is "Back Filling" - Definition & Explanation

The technique of beefing up low grade, low cost, cloth to enhance its appearance. Only one side of the goods is affected by the process. The filling solution is composed of varying amounts of cornstarch, talc, China clay, and tallow.
A filling, to add weight or change the appearance of a fabric, applied to one side of the fabric. For example; china clay.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Dyes for cotton and other cellulosic fibres that actually react to form covalent bonds with cotton to produce a new chemical (e.g. Red cotton). They require large amounts of chemicals (salt and...
Petroleum solvent almost as strong as turpentine. Faster evaporating than Mineral Spirits, but with similar properties and uses. Faster-evaporaing thinner for most solvent based finishes. Fuel for...
The yarn numbering system based on length and weight originally used for cotton yarns and now employed for most staple yarns spun on the cotton, or short-staple, system. It is based on a unit length...
A dyeing machine in which fabric, in open width, is transferred repeatedly from one roller to another and passes each time through a dyebath of relatively small volume. NOTE: Jigs are also...
A term that applies to the number of turns and the direction that two yarns are turned during the manufacturing process. The yarn twist brings the fibers close together and makes them compact. It...

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