What is "Beetling" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 17-Jun-2024 (1 month, 3 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter

Beetling is a textile finishing process that involves the mechanical treatment of fabric to achieve a smooth, lustrous, and luxurious appearance. It is a technique that has been employed for centuries to enhance the properties of fabrics, particularly linen. This article provides a comprehensive overview of beetling, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

The practice of beetling dates back to ancient Egypt, where it was initially used to process linen fibers. Linen, a fabric made from flax fibers, possesses natural irregularities and a rough texture. To overcome these characteristics, the Egyptians devised a method of pounding the fabric with wooden mallets, a process known as "beating." Over time, this technique evolved into beetling, which involved passing the fabric through metal rollers or beetling machines.

Types of Beetling

There are two main types of beetling:

  1. Wet Beetling: In wet beetling, the fabric is dampened with water or a special beetling solution before being passed through the beetling machine. The dampness softens the fabric, allowing it to be compressed and smoothed effectively. This process helps in flattening the surface, reducing the fabric's thickness, and enhancing its luster.
  2. Dry Beetling: Dry beetling involves passing the fabric through the beetling machine without any additional moisture. The dry fabric is subjected to intense pressure between the rollers, resulting in the compression and flattening of the fabric's surface. Dry beetling is typically used for fabrics that are more delicate or have already undergone wet beetling.

Tips for Handling Beetled Fabrics

When handling beetled fabrics, it is essential to follow certain guidelines to maintain their appearance and integrity:

  • Washing: Beetled fabrics are best washed using a gentle cycle and mild detergent to avoid damage to the delicate fibers and the beetled finish.
  • Drying: Air drying is recommended for beetled fabrics to prevent excessive shrinkage or distortion. Avoid using high heat or tumble drying, as it can affect the fabric's texture and finish.
  • Ironing: It is advisable to iron beetled fabrics while slightly damp or using a steam iron. Iron on the reverse side at a low temperature to maintain the smoothness and luster of the fabric.
  • Storage: Store beetled fabrics in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight, to prevent fading and discoloration. Avoid hanging them for extended periods to prevent stretching.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several international users and manufacturers are renowned for their expertise in beetled fabrics. Here are a few notable examples:

  1. Ulster Linen: Ulster Linen, based in Ireland, is a leading manufacturer of beetled linen fabrics. They produce a wide range of high-quality linens, including beetled linens known for their exceptional smoothness and luster.
  2. Leitner: Leitner, an Austrian company with a rich textile heritage, specializes in producing luxury beetled linens. They combine traditional beetling techniques with modern design aesthetics to create exquisite linens for home furnishings and hospitality industries.
  3. The Swiss Textile Federation: The Swiss Textile Federation represents several Swiss manufacturers renowned for their beetled fabrics. Swiss beetled fabrics are highly regarded for their superior quality, craftsmanship, and attention to detail.
  4. Maguire & Coneys: Maguire & Coneys, an Irish textile company, is known for its expertise in beetled linen fabrics. They offer a range of beetled linens that showcase the unique characteristics and luxurious feel of this finishing technique.


Beetling is a time-honored textile finishing process that has evolved over centuries. It enhances the appearance and properties of fabrics, particularly linen, by imparting a smooth, lustrous, and luxurious finish. Through wet and dry beetling techniques, fabric surfaces are compressed, flattened, and refined. Careful handling and maintenance are essential to preserve the beauty and integrity of beetled fabrics. Internationally recognized manufacturers such as Ulster Linen, Leitner, The Swiss Textile Federation, and Maguire & Coneys continue to excel in producing top-quality beetled fabrics, meeting the demands of discerning customers worldwide.

A process in which round-thread linen or cotton fabric is pounded to give a flat effect. Beetled linen damask has an increased luster and a leather-like texture. Beetling is also used to give a thready or linen-like appearance to cotton.

Some more terms:


Adhesives are an essential part of the manufacturing process for a variety of apparel applications ranging from applying labels, decorative trim and waterproofing tapes to innovative solutions like...

Read about Adhesives


a) A process that follows the addition of a finish to a textile fabric and in which appropriate conditions are used to effect a chemical reaction. NOTE: Heat treatment for several minutes is common,...

Read about Curing


Toner, in the context of textiles, refers to a type of colorant or dye used to impart color to fabrics or fibers. It is a finely powdered substance composed of pigments, binders, and other additives,...

Read about Toner

High Visibility Clothing Essentials: Safety, Types, and Tips

High-visibility clothing is any clothing worn that has highly reflective properties or a color that is easily discernable from any background. Orange hunting vests are a popular example of...

Read about High Visibility Clothing


Mordants are after-fixing chemicals essential to impart some degree of colour fastness performance to most natural dyes and some synthetic ones. They are typically metal salts and therefore decidedly...

Read about Mordants


Shantung is a type of fabric that holds a rich history and a unique place in the textile industry. Known for its distinctive texture and elegant appearance, Shantung has captivated the hearts of...

Read about Shantung


Fibranne is a term used in the textile industry to refer to a type of fabric that is made from regenerated cellulose fibers. It is known for its silky appearance, smooth texture, and excellent drape....

Read about Fibranne

Seam Sealing in Textiles: Ensuring Durability and Waterproofing

Seam Sealing in Textiles: An Essential Process for Ensuring Quality and DurabilityHistory and Origin of Seam Sealing in TextilesThe practice of seam sealing has evolved in tandem with the textile...

Read about Seam Sealing

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Beetling:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Beetling, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Did you know this fact? Florence, in Tuscany, has a long history of textile production, dating back to the Renaissance.
(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap