What is "Bengaline" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 11-Feb-2023 (1 year, 14 days ago)
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Bengaline is a type of fabric that is woven from two or more different types of yarns, which are typically made from silk, cotton, or rayon. The resulting fabric is known for its distinctive ribbed texture and slight sheen, which make it a popular choice for a variety of garments and accessories.

Bengaline fabric is created using a twill weave, which is a type of weave that creates diagonal ridges on the surface of the fabric. In the case of Bengaline, the twill weave is used to create a ribbed texture that runs vertically along the length of the fabric. The ribs are created by using a combination of tight and loose weaves, which gives the fabric its distinctive texture.

One of the key features of Bengaline fabric is its stretchiness. The fabric is woven with a combination of tight and loose yarns, which creates a certain amount of elasticity in the fabric. This makes Bengaline an ideal choice for garments that need to be both comfortable and form-fitting, such as skirts, pants, and dresses.

Bengaline fabric is also known for its durability and resistance to wrinkles. The twill weave used to create the fabric makes it resistant to creases and wrinkles, which makes it a popular choice for garments that need to retain their shape over time. The ribbed texture of the fabric also helps to hide any imperfections or wrinkles that may occur.

Another benefit of Bengaline fabric is its versatility. It is available in a wide range of colors, from classic neutrals to bold and bright hues, which makes it a popular choice for a variety of applications. It can be used for everything from formalwear and bridal gowns to casual wear and sportswear.

In addition to its use in clothing, Bengaline fabric is also used for home decor and upholstery. Its durability and resistance to wrinkles make it an ideal choice for items such as pillows, drapes, and tablecloths.

One of the challenges of working with Bengaline fabric is its tendency to fray. Because of the ribbed texture of the fabric, it can be difficult to finish the edges without causing them to unravel. This requires careful handling and finishing techniques to prevent fraying and ensure the longevity of the garment or item.

Overall, Bengaline fabric is a versatile and durable fabric that is known for its distinctive ribbed texture, stretchiness, and resistance to wrinkles. Its popularity is due in part to its ability to be used in a wide range of applications, from clothing to home decor, and its availability in a range of colors and finishes. Despite its tendency to fray, Bengaline remains a popular choice for many designers and textile enthusiasts.
A fabric with a crosswise rib and warp faced made from silk, wool, rayon, synthetics and cotton, often in combination. Bengaline was first made of silk in Bengal, India. Ribs are round and raised. Often has wool or cotton dilling in the ribs which doesn't show. It is difficult to make bound buttonholes in it. Has a tendency to slip at the seams if too tightly fitted. Grosgrain and Petersham is bengaline cut to ribbon widths.
A sturdy warp-faced fabric with pronounced crosswise ribs formed by bulky, coarse, plied yarns or rubber thread. Filling is not discernible on back or face of goods. Originating in Bengal, India it is used mainly in coatings, swimsuits, mourning ensembles, and women?s headwear. When cut to ribbon widths is called grosgrain.

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