What is "Bow (Woven Fabric)" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 06-May-2023 (11 months, 12 days ago)
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Bow (Woven Fabric)

Woven fabrics are integral to the textile industry, and the term "bow" refers to a specific characteristic related to these fabrics. In the context of woven fabrics, the bow is an irregular distortion or curvature that occurs along the length or width of the fabric. This phenomenon can have significant implications for the quality and performance of the fabric, making it an important consideration in textile manufacturing and garment production.

History and Origin

The existence of the bow in woven fabrics dates back centuries, with historical evidence of its occurrence in textiles from various regions and cultures. The exact origin of the term "bow" in this context is unclear, but it has been a recognized issue in textile production for a long time.

Types of Bow

There are two primary types of bow that can occur in woven fabrics:

  1. Skew Bow: Skew bow refers to a distortion in which the fabric deviates from a perfectly rectangular shape, resulting in a diagonal or parallelogram-like appearance. This type of bow occurs when the warp yarns are not perfectly perpendicular to the weft yarns during the weaving process.
  2. Fullness Bow: Fullness bow is a distortion where the fabric appears to have excess material, causing it to pucker or gather along the length or width. This type of bow can occur due to variations in yarn tension or differential shrinkage during finishing processes.

Tips in Handling Bow

To manage and minimize the bow in woven fabrics, textile manufacturers and garment producers employ several techniques:

  1. Proper Weaving Techniques: Ensuring that the warp and weft yarns are aligned and properly tensioned during the weaving process helps reduce the occurrence of bow.
  2. Fabric Relaxation: Allowing the fabric to relax before cutting and sewing can help alleviate some of the tension and potential bowing.
  3. Correct Grainline Placement: Ensuring that the fabric's grainline is properly aligned during pattern layout and cutting can help mitigate the effects of bow.
  4. Stabilization Techniques: Using stabilizers, interfacing, or additional support materials can help control and minimize bow in specific garment areas.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several top international users and manufacturers in the textile industry are known for their expertise in handling bow-related challenges. Here are a few examples:

  1. Brooks Brothers: As a renowned American clothing brand, Brooks Brothers is known for its high-quality woven fabrics and meticulous attention to detail, ensuring minimal bow in their garments.
  2. Armani: The Italian luxury fashion house, Armani, is recognized for its impeccable craftsmanship and fabric selection, carefully managing bow issues to maintain the highest standards of quality.
  3. Zara: Zara, a global fashion retailer, focuses on efficient manufacturing processes and quality control measures to handle bow-related challenges effectively in their woven fabric garments.
  4. Levi Strauss & Co.: A leading denim brand, Levi Strauss & Co. incorporates advanced weaving techniques and quality assurance practices to minimize bow in their denim fabrics.


The bow is a crucial characteristic to consider in the production of woven fabrics. Understanding the types of bow and implementing effective handling techniques during manufacturing and garment production are essential for ensuring high-quality textiles. Top international users and manufacturers, such as Brooks Brothers, Armani, Zara, and Levi Strauss & Co., showcase their expertise in managing bow-related challenges, further emphasizing the significance of this aspect in the textile industry.

Bow (Woven Fabric)
Curvature of the warp or weft.


A fabric is said to be warp-bowed or weft-bowed, according to which set of threads is curved. Weft bow may or may not extend over the full width of the fabric.

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