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What is "Brocatelle" - Definition & Explanation

Originally supposed to be an imitation of Italian tooled leather. Brocatelle, made from silk, rayon, cotton, and synthetics, has a satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground. It has a Jacquard weave on double or backed cloth. It is recognized by a smooth raised figure of warp-effect, usually in a satin weave construction, on a filling effect background. True brocatelle is a double weave made of silk and linen warp and a silk and linen filling. Present-day materials may have changed from the 13th and 14th century fabrics, but they still have the embossed figure in the tight, compact woven warp-effect. While brocatelle is sometimes classed as a flat fabric, it shows patterns which stand out in 'high relief' in a sort of blistered effect.
A tightly woven jacquard fabric with a warp effect in the figure which is raised to give a puffed appearance. The puff effect is created by several kinds of fillings', tension weaving of a linen: or nyion which shrinks after a heat process.
A heavy figured cloth in which the pattern is created by warp threads in a satin weave.
A heavy crossed ribbed upholstery and drapery fabric with Jacquard figures in high relief. Simulates Italian tooled leather where high relief effects are obtained through embossing techniques
(fabric) like damask uses more than two colours. It has a satin or twill figure on a plain or satin ground. Different to damask as raised areas of pattern are formed by a double warp.
A Jacquard Fabric Similar To Brocade With The Design In A Raised Appearance From Being Formed With A Satin Or Twill Weave. Used In Draperies And Upholstery.
Silk, rayon, cotton, and synthetics. Jacquard - double or backed cloth. Originally supposed to be an imitation of Italian tooled leather - satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground. It is recognized by a smooth raised figure of warp-effect, usually in a satin weave construction, on a filling effect background. True brocatelle is a double weave made of silk and linen warp and a silk and linen filling. ...

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric made in a double knit construction, usually produced in one color rather than color patterns. This plain fabric has an elastic quality with a slight horizontal line. The fabric looks the...
The crimped, rippled, wavy or pebbled appearance of a fabric where distortion of the structure has occurred as the result of non-uniform relaxation or shrinkage. NOTE: This defect may result from...
Linters are the short fibers left on the cotton seed after the longer fibers have been removed. Although the fibers are too short for spinning or cloth making, they are useful in paper pulp. The...
This type of satin-finish material is usually made of nylon. According to one manufacturer, satin nylon is probably the most common satin fabric used in our industry. There are two types of satin...
A finishing process in which the fibers on the surface of the fabric are mechanically trimmed to create an even nap. Often follows brushing of the fabric. Done on fleeces, moleskins, pile fabrics,...

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